Afghanistan Afghanistan

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Afghanistan ( (listen); Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, ab-], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Much of its 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range. Kabul is the capital and largest city.

Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviets, and since 2001 by the United States with NATO-allied countries. It has been called, "unconquerable" and nicknamed the, "graveyard of empires," though it has been occupied during several different periods of its history. The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khaljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Its border with British India, the Durand Line, was formed in 1893 but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in 1947. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 the country was free of foreign influence, eventually becoming a monarchy under King Amanullah, until almost 50 years later when Zahir Shah was overthrown and a republic was established. In 1978, after a second coup Afghanistan first became a socialist state and then a Soviet Union protectorate. This evoked the Soviet–Afghan War in the 1980s against mujahideen rebels. By 1996 most of Afghanistan was captured by the Islamic fundamentalist group the Taliban, who ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for over five years. The Taliban were forcibly removed by the NATO-led coalition, and a new democratically-elected government political structure was formed, but they still control a significant portion of the country.

Afghanistan is a unitary presidential Islamic republic with a population of 31 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks. It is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Group of 77, the Economic Cooperation Organization, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Afghanistan's economy is the world's 108th largest, with a GDP of $64.08 billion; the country fares much worse in terms of per-capita GDP (PPP), ranking 167th out of 186 countries in a 2016 report from the International Monetary Fund.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Afghanistan", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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AAb e Kamari (Badghis)   Adraskan (Hirat)   Afaki (Takhar)   Aibak (Samangan)   Alah Say (Kapisa)   `Alaqahdari Atghar (Zabul)   `Alaqahdari Dishu (Hilmand)   `Alaqahdari Gelan (Ghazni)   `Alaqahdari Kiran wa Munjan (Badakhshan)   `Alaqahdari Sarobi (Paktika)   `Alaqahdari Shah Joy (Zabul)   `Alaqahdari ye Almar (Faryab)   `Alaqahdari Yosuf Khel (Paktika)   Aliabad (Kunduz)   `Ali Khel (Paktya)   `Ali Sher `Alaqahdari (Khost)   Amanzi (Kandahar)   Anar Darah (Farah)   Andkhoy (Faryab)   Aqchah (Jawzjan)   Aq Kupruk (Balkh)   Art Khwajah (Takhar)   Asadabad (Kunar)   Ashkasham (Badakhshan)   Asmar (Kunar)  

BBabasakhib (Kandahar)   Bagh e Maidan (Parwan)   Baghlan (Baghlan)   Bagrami (Kabul)   Baharak (Badakhshan)   Bala Murghab (Badghis)   Bal Chiragh (Faryab)   Balkh (Balkh)   Bamyan (Bamyan)   Banu (Baghlan)   Baraki Barak (Logar)   Barg e Matal (Nuristan)   Basawul (Nangarhar)   Bazarak (Parwan)   Bazar e Talah (Baghlan)   Bazar e Tashkan (Badakhshan)   Bulolah (Bamyan)   Burkah (Baghlan)  

CChah Ab (Takhar)   Chahar Bagh (Faryab)   Chahar Burj (Hirat)   Chahar Qal`ah (Ghazni)   Chakaran (Badakhshan)   Chakaray (Kabul)   Chaman (Kandahar)   Chandal Ba'i (Kabul)   Charikar (Parwan)   Charkh (Logar)   Chimtal (Balkh)   Chinar (Kandahar)   Chiras (Sari Pul)   Chisht e Sharif (Hirat)   Chowney (Uruzgan)  

DDahan e Jarf (Parwan)   Dandar (Parwan)   Dangam (Kunar)   Darayim (Badakhshan)   Darqad (Takhar)   Darzab (Jawzjan)   Dasht e Archi (Kunduz)   Dasht e Qal`ah (Takhar)   Dasht e Qal`ah (Farah)   Dehdadi (Balkh)   Deh e Now (Kabul)   Deh e Salah (Baghlan)   Dehi (Samangan)   Deh Khwahan (Badakhshan)   De Narkhel Kelay (Uruzgan)   Doshi (Baghlan)   Dowlatabad (Balkh)   Dowlatabad (Faryab)   Dowlat Shah (Laghman)   Dowlatyar (Ghor)   Dowr e Rabat (Kunduz)   Duab (Samangan)   Du Lainah (Ghor)   Du Qal`ah (Farah)   Dwah Manday (Khost)  

FFaizabad (Jawzjan)   Farah (Farah)   Farkhar (Takhar)   Fayroz Koh (Ghor)   Fayzabad (Faryab)   Fayzabad (Badakhshan)  

G Gardez (Paktya)   Gereshk (Hilmand)   Ghazni (Ghazni)   Ghoriyan (Hirat)   Ghormach (Badghis)   Ghulam `Ali (Parwan)   Ghurayd Gharame (Badakhshan)   Gomal Kelay (Paktika)   Goshtah (Nangarhar)   Guzarah (Hirat)  

HHafiz Moghul (Badakhshan)   Haji Khel (Kapisa)   Herat (Hirat)   Hukumat e Nad `Ali (Hilmand)   Hukumat e Shinkai (Zabul)   Hukumati Azrah (Paktya)   Hukumati Dahanah ye Ghori (Baghlan)  

IIbrahim Khan (Parwan)   Imam Sahib (Kunduz)   Injil (Hirat)   Istalif (Kabul)  

JJabal os Saraj (Parwan)   Jalalabad (Nangarhar)   Jalrez (Wardak)   Jani Khel (Paktika)   Jawand (Badghis)   Jurm (Badakhshan)  

K Kabul (Kabul)   Kafir Qala (Hirat)   Kai (Nangarhar)   Kajran (Uruzgan)   Kalafgan (Takhar)   Kalakan (Kabul)   Kalan Deh (Ghazni)   Kandahar (Kandahar)   Kanday (Kunar)   Karbori (Kunar)   Karukh (Hirat)   Kazhah (Nangarhar)   Khadir (Uruzgan)   Khafizan (Nangarhar)   Khakiran (Zabul)   Khamyab (Jawzjan)   Khanabad (Kunduz)   Khanaqah (Jawzjan)   Khanaqah (Takhar)   Khandud (Badakhshan)   Khan Neshin (Hilmand)   Khash (Nimroz)   Khayr Kot (Paktika)   Khinj (Parwan)   Khinjan (Baghlan)   Khoshamand (Paktika)   Khoshi (Logar)   Khost (Khost)   Khudaydad Khel (Baghlan)   Khugyani (Kandahar)   Khulbisat (Khost)   Khulm (Balkh)   Khwajah Du Koh (Jawzjan)   Khwajah Ghar (Takhar)   Kiraman (Parwan)   Kishk e Nakhud (Kandahar)   Kotowal (Nangarhar)   Kuhsan (Hirat)   Kunduz (Kunduz)   Kushk (Hirat)   Kushkak (Farah)   Kushk e Kuhnah (Hirat)  

LLab Sar (Balkh)   La`l (Ghor)   Langar (Samangan)   Larkird (Sari Pul)   Lash (Faryab)   Lash e Juwayn (Farah)   Lashkar Gah (Hilmand)  

MMaidan Khulah (Paktya)   Mama Khel (Nangarhar)   Mandol (Nuristan)   Manogay (Kunar)   March (Badakhshan)   Mardian (Jawzjan)   Markaz e Hukumat e Darweshan (Hilmand)   Markaz e Hukumat e Sultan e Bakwah (Farah)   Markaz e Sayyidabad (Wardak)   Markaz e Woluswali ye Achin (Nangarhar)   Mashhad (Badakhshan)   Maydanshakhr (Wardak)   Maymana (Faryab)   Maymay (Badakhshan)   Mazar e Sharif (Balkh)   Mehtar Lam (Laghman)   Mingajik (Jawzjan)   Mirabad (Nimroz)   Miran (Wardak)   Miray (Ghazni)   Mir Bachah Kot (Kabul)   Mizan `Alaqahdari (Zabul)   Muhammad Aghah Wuluswali (Logar)   Muqer (Ghazni)   Musa Qal`ah (Hilmand)   Muta Khan (Paktika)  

NNahrin (Baghlan)   Narang (Kunar)   Naray (Kunar)   Nayak (Bamyan)   Nayak (Zabul)   Nikeh (Paktika)   Nili (Uruzgan)   Now Dahanak (Parwan)   Now Zad (Hilmand)   Nurgal (Kunar)  

OOkak (Ghazni)   Omnah (Paktika)  

PPachir wa Agam (Nangarhar)   Paghman (Kabul)   Panjab (Bamyan)   Parun (Nuristan)   Pasaband (Ghor)   Pashmul (Kandahar)   Pasnay (Sari Pul)   Pas Pul (Badakhshan)   Pul e `Alam (Logar)   Pul e Hisar (Baghlan)   Pul e Khumri (Baghlan)   Pul e Sangi (Kabul)  

QQadis (Badghis)   Qal`ah ye Farsi (Hirat)   Qal`ah ye Kuf (Badakhshan)   Qal`ah ye Kuhnah (Farah)   Qal`ah ye Na`im (Kabul)   Qal`ah ye Shahi (Nangarhar)   Qal`ah ye Shahr (Sari Pul)   Qala i Naw (Badghis)   Qalat (Zabul)   Qarah Bagh (Hirat)   Qarah Bagh (Ghazni)   Qarah Bagh Bazar (Kabul)   Qaram Qol (Faryab)   Qaranghu Toghai (Balkh)   Qarawul (Kunduz)   Qarchi Gak (Balkh)   Qarghah'i (Laghman)   Qarqin (Jawzjan)   Qaryeh ye Owbeh (Hirat)   Qashqal (Parwan)   Quchanghi (Uruzgan)   Qurghan (Faryab)  

RRabat e Sangi ye Pa'in (Hirat)   Ramak (Ghazni)   Rudbar (Nimroz)   Rustaq (Takhar)   Ru ye Sang (Baghlan)  

SSalam Khel (Paktya)   Sangalak i Kaisar (Faryab)   Sangar Saray (Nangarhar)   Sang Atesh (Badghis)   Sang e Charak (Sari Pul)   Sang e Mashah (Ghazni)   Sangin (Hilmand)   Sar Chakan (Faryab)   Sar e Pul (Sari Pul)   Sar e Tayghan (Uruzgan)   Sarfiraz Kala (Ghazni)   Sar Kani (Kunar)   Sarobi (Kabul)   Sayad (Sari Pul)   Sayagaz (Zabul)   Shahrak (Ghor)   Shahran (Badakhshan)   Shahr e Safa (Zabul)   Sharan (Paktika)   Shaykh Amir Kelay (Khost)   Sherwani ye Bala (Kapisa)   Sheywah (Nangarhar)   Shibirghan (Jawzjan)   Shindand (Hirat)   Shwak (Paktya)   Sidqabad (Kapisa)   Siyahgird (Parwan)   Sozmah Qal`ah (Sari Pul)   Sperah (Khost)   Spin Boldak (Kandahar)   Ster Giyan (Paktika)   Sultanpur e `Ulya (Nangarhar)   Surkh Bilandi (Kabul)  

TTagab (Kapisa)   Tagaw Bay (Sari Pul)   Taloqan (Takhar)   Taqchah Khanah (Takhar)   Tarinkot (Uruzgan)   Taywarah (Ghor)   Tir Pul (Hirat)   Titan (Ghor)   Tormay (Ghazni)   Tsamkani (Paktya)   Tsaperai (Paktya)   Tsowkey (Kunar)   Tukzar (Sari Pul)   Tulak (Ghor)  

U'Unabah (Parwan)   Urgun (Paktika)   Uruzgan (Uruzgan)  

WWasher (Hilmand)   Wuleswali Bihsud (Wardak)   Wuleswali Sayyid Karam (Paktya)   Wuluswali `Alingar (Laghman)   Wutahpur (Kunar)  

YYahya Khel (Paktika)   Yangi Qal`ah (Takhar)  

ZZamto Kelay (Kandahar)   Zarah Sharan (Paktika)   Zaranj (Nimroz)   Zargaran (Kabul)   Zarghun Shahr (Paktika)   Zaybak (Badakhshan)   Zerok Alakadari (Paktika)   Ziarat e Shah Maqsud (Kandahar)   Zindah Jan (Hirat)   Ziraki (Badakhshan)   Zorkot (Khost)   Zurmat (Paktya)  
Filter search by regions (Provinces) of Afghanistan
Badakhshan Badghis Baghlan Balkh Bamyan Farah Faryab Ghazni Ghor Hilmand Hirat Jawzjan Kabul Kandahar Kapisa Khost Kunar Kunduz Laghman Logar Nangarhar Nimroz Nuristan Paktika Paktya Parwan Samangan Sari Pul Takhar Uruzgan Wardak Zabul


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