Bolivia Bolivia

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Bolivia ( (listen), Spanish: [boˈliβja]; Guarani: Mborivia [ᵐboˈɾiʋja]; Quechua: Puliwya [pʊlɪwja]; Aymara: Wuliwya [wʊlɪwja]), officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia [esˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβja]) is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. The capital is Sucre while the seat of government and financial center is located in La Paz. The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales (tropical lowlands), a mostly flat region in the east of the country.

The sovereign state of Bolivia is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into nine departments. Its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru. One-third of the country is within the Andean mountain range. With 1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) of area, Bolivia is the fifth largest country in South America, after Brazil, Argentina, Peru and Colombia (and alongside Paraguay, one of the only two landlocked countries in the Americas), the 27th largest in the world, the largest landlocked country in the Southern Hemisphere and the world's sixth largest landlocked country, after Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Chad, Niger and Mali.

The country's population, estimated at 11 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. The racial and social segregation that arose from Spanish colonialism has continued to the modern era. Spanish is the official and predominant language, although 36 indigenous languages also have official status, of which the most commonly spoken are Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages.

Before Spanish colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was part of the Inca Empire, while the northern and eastern lowlands were inhabited by independent tribes. Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuzco and Asunción took control of the region in the 16th century. During the Spanish colonial period Bolivia was administered by the Royal Audiencia of Charcas. Spain built its empire in large part upon the silver that was extracted from Bolivia's mines. After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar. Over the course of the 19th and early 20th century Bolivia lost control of several peripheral territories to neighboring countries including the seizure of its coastline by Chile in 1879. Bolivia remained relatively politically stable until 1971, when Hugo Banzer led a coup d'état which replaced the socialist government of Juan José Torres with a military dictatorship headed by Banzer; Torres was murdered in Buenos Aires, Argentina by a right-wing death squad in 1976. Banzer's regime cracked down on leftist and socialist opposition and other forms of dissent, resulting in the torture and deaths of a number of Bolivian citizens. Banzer was ousted in 1978 and later returned as the democratically elected president of Bolivia from 1997 to 2001.

Modern Bolivia is a charter member of the UN, IMF, NAM, OAS, ACTO, Bank of the South, ALBA and USAN. For over a decade Bolivia has had one of the highest economic growth rates in Latin America; however, it remains the second poorest country in South America. It is a developing country, with a medium ranking in the Human Development Index, a poverty level of 38.6%, and one of the lowest crime rates in Latin America. Its main economic activities include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and manufacturing goods such as textiles, clothing, refined metals, and refined petroleum. Bolivia is very rich in minerals, including tin, silver, and lithium.

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AAbapó (Santa Cruz)   Acasio (Potosi)   Achacachi (La Paz)   Achiri (La Paz)   Aiquile (Cochabamba)   Alcalá (Chuquisaca)   Alota (Potosi)   Anchallani (La Paz)   Andamarca (Oruro)   Anzaldo (Cochabamba)   Apolo (La Paz)   Arapata (La Paz)   Arque (Cochabamba)   Arroyo Concepción (Santa Cruz)   Ascención de Guarayos (El Beni)   Atocha (Potosi)   Aymaya (Potosi)   Ayo Ayo (La Paz)   Azurduy (Chuquisaca)  

BBaures (El Beni)   Belen de Andamarca (Oruro)   Bella Vista (El Beni)   Bermejo (Tarija)   Betanzos (Potosi)   Blanca Flor (Pando)   Bolívar, Cochabamba (Cochabamba)   Boyuibe (Santa Cruz)   Buena Vista (Santa Cruz)  

CCachuela Esperanza (El Beni)   Cairoma (La Paz)   Caiza "D" (Potosi)   Cajuata (La Paz)   Calacoto (La Paz)   Calazaya (Oruro)   Callapa (La Paz)   Calvario (Oruro)   Camacho (Tarija)   Camargo (Chuquisaca)   Camiri (Santa Cruz)   Campo Largo (Tarija)   Cañas (Tarija)   Cañaviri (La Paz)   Capinota (Cochabamba)   Carabuco (La Paz)   Caracollo (Oruro)   Caranavi (La Paz)   Caraparí (Tarija)   Catacora Salida (La Paz)   Caxata (La Paz)   Chaguaya (Tarija)   Challacollo (Oruro)   Challapata (Oruro)   Challavito (Oruro)   Challoma (La Paz)   Chaquí (Potosi)   Charagua (Santa Cruz)   Charaña (La Paz)   Charazani (La Paz)   Chayanta (Potosi)   Chijmuni (La Paz)   Chilahuala (La Paz)   Chimoré (Cochabamba)   Chipaya (Oruro)   Choquecota (Oruro)   Chulumani (La Paz)   Circuata (La Paz)   Cliza (Cochabamba)   Cobija (Pando)   Cochabamba (Cochabamba)   Cohoni (La Paz)   Coipasa (Oruro)   Colcapirhua (Cochabamba)   Colcha K (Potosi)   Colchani (Potosi)   Collana Tolar (La Paz)   Colloma (Potosi)   Colpapucho Belen (La Paz)   Colquechaca (Potosi)   Colquiri (La Paz)   Comanche (La Paz)   Comunidad Junco (La Paz)   Comunidad Porejoni (La Paz)   Comunidad Tikulasi (La Paz)   Concepción (Santa Cruz)   Copacabana (Potosi)   Copacabana (La Paz)   Coquinal (El Beni)   Coripata (La Paz)   Corocoro (La Paz)   Coroico (La Paz)   Cororo (Chuquisaca)   Corque (Oruro)   Cotoca (Santa Cruz)   Crucero (Oruro)   Cuatro Cañadas (Santa Cruz)   Cuchu Ingenico (Potosi)   Cuevo (Santa Cruz)   Culpina (Chuquisaca)   Cumana (La Paz)   Curahuara de Carangas (Oruro)  

E El Alto (La Paz)   El Carmen (Santa Cruz)   El Puente (Santa Cruz)   El Puente (Chuquisaca)   El Sena (Pando)   El Torno (Santa Cruz)   El Villar (Chuquisaca)   Entre Ríos (Cochabamba)   Epizana (Cochabamba)   Escoma (La Paz)   Esquiri (Potosi)   Estancia Chiujati (Potosi)   Eucaliptus (Oruro)   Exaltación (El Beni)  

FFernández Alonso (Santa Cruz)  

GGuanay (La Paz)   Guaqui (La Paz)   Guayaramerín (El Beni)  

HHuacaraje (El Beni)   Huacaya (Chuquisaca)   Huachacalla (Oruro)   Huanuni (Oruro)   Huayllamarca (Oruro)  

IIchoca (La Paz)   Icla (Chuquisaca)   Inca Huasi (Chuquisaca)   Inchasi (Potosi)   Independencia (Cochabamba)   Inquisivi (La Paz)   Ipatí (Santa Cruz)   Ipitá (Santa Cruz)   Irupana (La Paz)   Ivirgarzama (Cochabamba)   Ixiamas (La Paz)  

JJankoamaya (La Paz)   Jesus de Machaca (La Paz)   Jorori (Santa Cruz)   Juntavi (Potosi)  

KKeluyo (Potosi)   Khola (La Paz)  

LLa Asunta (La Paz)   La Bélgica (Santa Cruz)   La Guardia (Santa Cruz)   Lagunillas (Santa Cruz)   Lahuachaca (La Paz)   Laja (La Paz)   Lajma (Oruro)   La Joya (Oruro)   La Misión (Cochabamba)   La Paz (La Paz)   Las Carreras (Chuquisaca)   Las Taperas (Santa Cruz)   Licoma (La Paz)   Llallagua (Potosi)   Llica (Potosi)   Loma Alta (El Beni)  

MMacha (Potosi)   Machacamarca (Oruro)   Macharetí (Chuquisaca)   Magdalena (El Beni)   Malla (La Paz)   Mapiri (La Paz)   Mataral (Santa Cruz)   Mecapaca (La Paz)   Mecoya (Tarija)   Millares (Potosi)   Mineros (Santa Cruz)   Mizque (Cochabamba)   Mojo Toro (Chuquisaca)   Monteagudo (Chuquisaca)   Montero (Santa Cruz)   Morochata (Cochabamba)  

NNazacara (La Paz)   Nuevos Horizontes (La Paz)  

OOkinawa 1 (Santa Cruz)   Omereque (Cochabamba)   Opoqueri (Oruro)   Orobayaya (El Beni)   Oruro (Oruro)   Otuyo (Potosi)  

PPadilla (Chuquisaca)   Pailón (Santa Cruz)   Palca (La Paz)   Palos Blancos (La Paz)   Palos Blancos (Tarija)   Papel Pampa (La Paz)   Patacamaya (La Paz)   Pazña (Oruro)   Pelechuco (La Paz)   Peñas (Oruro)   Pocoata (Potosi)   Poopó (Oruro)   Porco (Potosi)   Poroma (Chuquisaca)   Portachuelo (Santa Cruz)   Porvenir (Pando)   Postrervalle (Santa Cruz)   Potolo (Chuquisaca)   Potosí (Potosi)   Presto (Chuquisaca)   Pucará (Santa Cruz)   Pucarani (La Paz)   Puerto Margarita (Tarija)   Puerto Morales (Pando)   Puerto Pailas (Santa Cruz)   Puerto Quijarro (Santa Cruz)   Puerto Rico (Pando)   Puerto Suárez (Santa Cruz)   Pulacayo (Potosi)   Puna (Potosi)   Punata (Cochabamba)  

Q Quillacollo (Cochabamba)  

RRemanso (El Beni)   Reyes (El Beni)   Riberalta (El Beni)   Rio Blanco (La Paz)   Rio Grande (Potosi)   Rio Mulatos (Potosi)   Roboré (Santa Cruz)   Rosario del Yata (El Beni)   Rosario (El Beni)   Rurrenabaque (La Paz)  

SSabaya (Oruro)   Sacaba (Cochabamba)   Sacabaya (Oruro)   Sacta (Cochabamba)   Saipina (Santa Cruz)   Salinas de Garcí Mendoza (Oruro)   San Agustin (Potosi)   San Andrés de Machaca (La Paz)   San Antionio de Esmoruco (Potosi)   San Antonio (Tarija)   San Borja (El Beni)   San Buena Ventura (La Paz)   San Carlos (Santa Cruz)   San Christóbal (Potosi)   San Felipe de Challa (La Paz)   San Ignacio de Moxos (El Beni)   San Ignacio de Velasco (Santa Cruz)   San Javier (Santa Cruz)   San Joaquín (El Beni)   San José de Chiquitos (Santa Cruz)   San Juan (Potosi)   San Juan de Yapacaní (Santa Cruz)   San Julián (Santa Cruz)   San Lorenzo (El Beni)   San Lucas (Chuquisaca)   San Matías (Santa Cruz)   San Miguel de Velasco (Santa Cruz)   San Pablo de Huacareta (Chuquisaca)   San Pablo de Lipez (Potosi)   San Pablo (El Beni)   San Pedro de Buena Vista (Potosi)   San Pedro de Curahuara (La Paz)   San Pedro De Quemes (Potosi)   San Pedro de Tiquina (La Paz)   San Rafael de Velasco (Santa Cruz)   San Ramón (Santa Cruz)   San Ramón (El Beni)   Santa Ana (Santa Cruz)   Santa Ana del Yacuma (El Beni)   Santa Bárbara (Potosi)   Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Santa Cruz)   Santa Elena (Chuquisaca)   Santa Fé de los Hunos (Santa Cruz)   Santa Fe de Yapacaní (Santa Cruz)   Santa Maria (El Beni)   Santa Rosa del Abuná (Pando)   Santa Rosa de la Roca (Santa Cruz)   Santa Rosa del Sara (Santa Cruz)   Santa Rosa de Yacuma (El Beni)   Santiago de Chiquitos (Santa Cruz)   Santiago de Collana (La Paz)   Santiago de Collana (La Paz)   Santiago de Cotagaita (Potosi)   Santiago de Huari (Oruro)   Santiago de Huata (La Paz)   Santiago de Machaca (La Paz)   Santuario de Quillacas (Oruro)   Sapahaqui (La Paz)   Satélite Norte (Santa Cruz)   Shinaota (Cochabamba)   Sica Sica Villa Aroma (La Paz)   Siglo XX (Potosi)   Sopachuy (Chuquisaca)   Sorata (La Paz)   Sotomayor (Chuquisaca)   Sucre (Chuquisaca)   Suri (La Paz)   Surumi (Potosi)  

TTacobamba (Potosi)   Tarabuco (Chuquisaca)   Tarabuquillo (Chuquisaca)   Taraco (La Paz)   Tarata (Cochabamba)   Tarija (Tarija)   Tarvita Villa Orrias (Chuquisaca)   Tatasi (Potosi)   Terevinto (Santa Cruz)   Tiahuanacu (La Paz)   Tinguipaya (Potosi)   Tiquipaya (Cochabamba)   Toledo (Oruro)   Tomina (Chuquisaca)   Toroca (Potosi)   Toromoco (Chuquisaca)   Toropalca (Potosi)   Totora (Cochabamba)   Totoral (Oruro)   Tres Cruces Belén (Potosi)   Trinidad (El Beni)   Tumupasa (La Paz)   Tupiza (Potosi)   Turco (Oruro)   Tutuni (Oruro)  

UUmala (La Paz)   Uncía (Potosi)   Uriondo (Tarija)   Uyuni (Potosi)  

VVallegrande (Santa Cruz)   Ventilla (Oruro)   Viacha (La Paz)   Villa Abecia (Chuquisaca)   Villa de Sacaca (Potosi)   Villamontes (Tarija)   Villa San Lorenzo (Tarija)   Villa Serrano (Chuquisaca)   Villa Simón Bolívar (Santa Cruz)   Villa Tunari (Cochabamba)   Villazón (Potosi)   Viloco (La Paz)   Vinto (Cochabamba)  

WWarnes (Santa Cruz)  

YYaguacua (Tarija)   Yamparaez (Chuquisaca)   Yapacaní (Santa Cruz)   Yocalla (Potosi)   Yotala (Chuquisaca)   Yunchará (Tarija)   Yura (Potosi)   Yuruma (Potosi)  

ZZudáñez (Chuquisaca)  
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Chuquisaca Cochabamba El Beni La Paz Oruro Pando Potosi Santa Cruz Tarija


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