Cambodia Cambodia

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Cambodia ( ( listen); also Kampuchea ; Khmer: កម្ពុជា Khmer: [kam.pu.ciə]; French: Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, IPA: [prĕəh riə.ciə.naː.caʔ kam.pu.ciə]; French: Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 square miles) in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. The sovereign state of Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, practised by approximately 95 percent of the population. The country's minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams and 30 hill tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia. The kingdom is an elective constitutional monarchy with a monarch, currently Norodom Sihamoni, chosen by the Royal Throne Council as head of state. The head of government is the Prime Minister, currently Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal leader in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985. In 802 AD, Jayavarman II declared himself king, uniting the warring Khmer princes of Chenla under the name "Kambuja". This marked the beginning of the Khmer Empire, which flourished for over 600 years, allowing successive kings to control and exert influence over much of Southeast Asia and accumulate immense power and wealth. The Indianised kingdom facilitated the spread of first Hinduism and then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia and undertook many religious infrastructural projects throughout the region, including the construction of more than 1,000 temples and monuments in Angkor alone. Angkor Wat is the most famous of these structures and is designated as a World Heritage Site. After the fall of Angkor to Ayutthaya in the 15th century, a reduced and weakened Cambodia was then ruled as a vassal state by its neighbours. In 1863, Cambodia became a protectorate of France, which doubled the size of the country by reclaiming the north and west from Thailand.

Cambodia gained independence in 1953. The Vietnam War extended into the country with the US bombing of Cambodia from 1969 until 1973. Following the Cambodian coup of 1970 which installed the right-wing pro-US Khmer Republic, the deposed king gave his support to his former enemies, the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge emerged as a major power, taking Phnom Penh in 1975 and later carrying out the Cambodian genocide from 1975 until 1979, when they were ousted by Vietnam and the Vietnamese-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea, supported by the Soviet Union in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1979–91). Following the 1991 Paris Peace Accords, Cambodia was governed briefly by a United Nations mission (1992–93). The UN withdrew after holding elections in which around 90 percent of the registered voters cast ballots. The 1997 factional fighting resulted in the ousting of the government by Prime Minister Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party, who remain in power as of 2018.

Cambodia is a member of the United Nations since 1955, ASEAN, the East Asia Summit, the WTO, the Non-Aligned Movement and La Francophonie. According to several foreign organisations, the country has widespread poverty, pervasive corruption, lack of political freedoms, low human development and a high rate of hunger. Cambodia has been described by Human Rights Watch's Southeast Asian Director, David Roberts, as a "vaguely communist free-market state with a relatively authoritarian coalition ruling over a superficial democracy". While per capita income remains low compared to most neighbouring countries, Cambodia has one of the fastest growing economies in Asia, with growth averaging 7.6 percent over the last decade. Agriculture remains the dominant economic sector, with strong growth in textiles, construction, garments and tourism leading to increased foreign investment and international trade. The American World Justice Project's 2015 Rule of Law Index ranked Cambodia 76 out of 102 countries, similar to other countries in the region.



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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cambodia", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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AAndoung Meas (Rotanokiri)   Angkor Borei (Takêv)   Angkor Chey (Kampot)   Ang Snuol (Kandal)   Anlong Veng (Otdar Mean Chey)  

B Banlung (Rotanokiri)   Ba Phnom (Prey Vêng)   Battambang (Batdambâng)   Bavet (Svay Rieng)   Borkeo (Rotanokiri)   Bos Chêk Prey (Kamp ong Cham)   Bos Knaor (Kamp ong Cham)  

CChey Sen (Preah Vihear)   Chhouk (Kampot)   Chiphu (Svay Rieng)   Choam Khsan (Preah Vihear)   Choam Kravien (Kamp ong Cham)   Ch Sen (Preah Vihear)   Chub (Kamp ong Cham)   Chumni (Mond ol Kiri)   Chumtng Luoch (Batdambâng)  

DDambe (Kamp ong Cham)   Daung (Batdambâng)  

KKalay (Rotanokiri)   Kamchay Mear (Prey Vêng)   Kampi (Kracheh)   Kampong Cham (Kamp ong Cham)   Kampong Chhnang (Kamp ong Chhnang)   Kampong Kdei (Siemreab)   Kampong Ro (Svay Rieng)   Kampong Speu (Kamp ong Spœ)   Kampong Thmar (Kamp ong Thum)   Kampong Thom (Kamp ong Thum)   Kampong Tralach (Kamp ong Chhnang)   Kampot (Kampot)   Kanh Chreach (Prey Vêng)   Kaoh Chrêng (Kracheh)   Kdol Kraôm (Kamp ong Cham)   Keo Sema (Mond ol Kiri)   Kep (Kep)   Kg. Trabêk (Prey Vêng)   Khnar (Kamp ong Cham)   Khsem Khsan (Kandal)   Khsim (Kracheh)   Koas Krala (Batdambâng)   Koh Kong (Kaoh Kong)   Koh Sotin (Kamp ong Cham)   Kong Pisey (Kamp ong Spœ)   Kouk Kdouch (Batdambâng)   Kouk Moan (Otdar Mean Chey)   Koun Mom (Rotanokiri)   Kratie (Kracheh)   Kroch Chhma (Kamp ong Cham)  

LLumphat (Rotanokiri)  

MMê Mân (Mond ol Kiri)   Memong (Mond ol Kiri)   Memot (Kamp ong Cham)   Mesa Chrey Commune (Kamp ong Cham)   Me Sang (Prey Vêng)   Mongkol Borei (Banteay Meanchey)   Moung Ruessei (Batdambâng)  

NNeak Loeung (Prey Vêng)  

OO Reng Ov (Kamp ong Cham)   O Ya Daw (Rotanokiri)  

P Pailin (Krong Pailin)   Péam Ro (Prey Vêng)   Phak Nam (Rotanokiri)   Ph. Âmpil (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph. Ândong (Kamp ong Thum)   Ph. Ânlông (Prey Vêng)   Ph.Bângki Tngrn (Kamp ong Thum)   Ph.Boeng (Prey Vêng)   Ph. Chansâr Khang Cheung (Siemreab)   Ph.Chong Span (Siemreab)   Ph. Dâng Kda (Kamp ong Thum)   Ph. Don Tuot (Takêv)   Ph. Kampông Krâsng (Svay Rieng)   Ph. Kaôh Kong (Kaoh Kong)   Ph.Klrivung (Kaoh Kong)   Ph. Kouk Khchâk (Prey Vêng)   Ph. Krâbas (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph.Krachap (Prey Vêng)   Ph. Krieng (Kracheh)   Ph. Lâk (Kampot)   Ph. Leu (Rotanokiri)   Ph. Lovea (Prey Vêng)   Ph. Mreuch (Mond ol Kiri)   Phnom Penh (Phnom Penh)   Ph.Pêªk Châmlak (Kracheh)   Ph. Pêk Ta Nông Kaeut (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph. Pô Kar (Svay Rieng)   Ph.Pralan (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph.Prey Svay (Prey Vêng)   Ph.Prey Toeng (Prey Vêng)   Ph.Reul (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph. Rôha (Kracheh)   Ph. Rôvieng Cheung (Preah Vihear)   Ph. Sândan (Kracheh)   Ph. Satum (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph.Sdok (Kaoh Kong)   Ph. Sôk San (Mond ol Kiri)   Ph. Sótev (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph. Sralau (Stœng Trêng)   Ph.Srê Loâ (Banteay Meanchey)   Ph. Srê Mat (Rotanokiri)   Ph. Srê Png (Mond ol Kiri)   Ph. Srê Pou (Kracheh)   Ph.Stoeng Trô (Kracheh)   Ph. Svay Pâen (Kamp ong Cham)   Ph.Ta Siem (Siemreab)   Ph.Thlôk (Prey Vêng)   Ph. Thlôk (Prey Vêng)   Ph. Thmân Kôul (Rotanokiri)   Ph. Thnâlpéam (Svay Rieng)   Ph.Toek Sok (Batdambâng)   Ph.Ton Hon (Kampot)   Ph. Trâyâng (Preah Vihear)   Phum Savabay (Rotanokiri)   PH.Val Lay (Kamp ong Cham)   Poipet (Banteay Meanchey)   Ponnea Krek (Kamp ong Cham)   Pramaoy (Pouthisat)   Preah Mias (Mond ol Kiri)   Preah Sdech (Prey Vêng)   Preah Vihear (Preah Vihear)   Prek Prasap (Kracheh)   Prey Lovea (Takêv)   Prey Veng (Prey Vêng)   Pursat (Pouthisat)  

RRamduol (Svay Rieng)   Romeas Hek (Svay Rieng)  

SSamrong (Otdar Mean Chey)   Samrong Tong (Kamp ong Spœ)   Sdao (Batdambâng)   Sen Monorom (Mond ol Kiri)   Siem Pang (Stœng Trêng)   Siem Reap (Siemreab)   Sihanoukville (Krong Preah Sihanouk)   Sisophon (Banteay Meanchey)   Skun (Kamp ong Cham)   Sneung (Batdambâng)   Snuol (Kracheh)   Sra Ngue (Banteay Meanchey)   Sre Ambel (Kaoh Kong)   Sre Romduol (Kracheh)   Stung Treng (Stœng Trêng)   Stung Trong (Kamp ong Cham)   Sunaki Meanchey (Kamp ong Chhnang)   Svay Leu (Siemreab)   Svay Rieng (Svay Rieng)   Svay Teap (Svay Rieng)  

T Takeo (Takêv)   Ta Khmau (Kandal)   Tasang (Batdambâng)   Ta Veng (Rotanokiri)   Taveng Krom (Rotanokiri)   Tbêng Khpuos (Kamp ong Spœ)   Tbong Khmum (Kamp ong Cham)   Tram Kak (Takêv)   Tra Peang Prasat (Otdar Mean Chey)   Treng Trayeng (Kamp ong Spœ)   Tuk Phos (Kamp ong Chhnang)  

UUdong (Kamp ong Spœ)  

VVéang Khm (Rotanokiri)   Veun Sai (Rotanokiri)  

XXam Coong Thmay (Preah Vihear)  
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