Ecuador Ecuador

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Ecuador ( (listen) EK-wə-dor, Spanish: [ekwaˈðoɾ]) (Quechua: Ikwayur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Quechua: Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland. The capital city is Quito and the largest city as well.

What is now Ecuador was home to a variety of Amerindian groups that were gradually incorporated into the Inca Empire during the 15th century. The territory was colonized by Spain during the 16th century, achieving independence in 1820 as part of Gran Colombia, from which it emerged as its own sovereign state in 1830. The legacy of both empires is reflected in Ecuador's ethnically diverse population, with most of its 16.4 million people being mestizos, followed by large minorities of European, Amerindian, and African descendants. Spanish is the official language and is spoken by a majority of the population, though 13 Amerindian languages are also recognized, including Quichua and Shuar.

The sovereign state of Ecuador is a middle-income representative democratic republic with a developing economy that is highly dependent on commodities, namely petroleum and agricultural products. It is governed as a democratic presidential republic. One of 17 megadiverse countries in the world, Ecuador hosts many endemic plants and animals, such as those of the Galápagos Islands. In recognition of its unique ecological heritage, the new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ecuador", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 Quick link to country Discover cities and towns in Ecuador.

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AAlamor (Loja)   Alluriquín (Pichincha)   Amaguaña (Pichincha)   Ambato (Tungurahua)   Antonio Ante (Imbabura)   Arajuno (Pastaza)   Archidona (Orellana)   Arenillas (El Oro)   Atacames (Esmeraldas)   Azogues (Canar)  

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DDaule (Guayas)   Deleg (Canar)   Durán (Guayas)  

EEl Ángel (Carchi)   El Carmen (Manabi)   El Corazón (Cotopaxi)   El Esfuerzo (Pichincha)   El Guabo (El Oro)   El Pangui (Zamora Chinchipe)   El Placer (Pichincha)   El Quinche (Pichincha)   El Tambo (Canar)   El Triunfo (Tungurahua)   El Triunfo (Guayas)   Esmeraldas (Esmeraldas)  

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QQuero (Tungurahua)   Quevedo (Los Rios)   Quingüe (Esmeraldas)   Quininde (Esmeraldas)   Quito (Pichincha)  

R Riobamba (Chimborazo)   Rocafuerte (Manabi)   Rosa Zárate (Esmeraldas)  

SSalinas (Guayas)   Samborondón (Guayas)   Same (Esmeraldas)   San Antonio del Toachi (Pichincha)   San Antonio de Pichincha (Pichincha)   San Felipe de Oña (Azuay)   San Gabriel (Carchi)   San Gabriel del Baba (Pichincha)   Sangolqui (Pichincha)   San Jacinto de Buena Fé (Los Rios)   San Jacinto del Búa (Pichincha)   San Jacinto de Yaguachi (Guayas)   San Jorge (Tungurahua)   San Lorenzo (Esmeraldas)   San Miguel de los Bancos (Pichincha)   San Miguel de Salcedo (Cotopaxi)   San Pedro de Alausí (Chimborazo)   San Rafael (Pichincha)   Santa Ana (Manabi)   Santa Elena (Guayas)   Santa Isabel (Azuay)   Santa Lucía (Guayas)   Santa Maria del Toachi (Los Rios)   Santa Rosa (El Oro)   Santiago de Méndez (Morona Santiago)   Santo Domingo de los Colorados (Pichincha)   San Vicente (Manabi)   Saquisilí (Cotopaxi)   Saraguro (Loja)   Shell (Pastaza)   Shushufindi (Sucumbios)   Sígsig (Azuay)   Simón Bolívar (Guayas)   Súa (Esmeraldas)   Sucre (Manabi)   Sucre (Tungurahua)   Sucúa (Morona Santiago)  

TTabacundo (Pichincha)   Tena (Orellana)   Tosagua (Manabi)   Tulcán (Carchi)   Tumbaco (Pichincha)  

UUrcuquí (Imbabura)  

VValdéz (Esmeraldas)   Valle Hermoso (Pichincha)   Velasco Ibarra (Guayas)   Ventanas (Los Rios)   Vinces (Los Rios)  

YYantzaza (Zamora Chinchipe)  

ZZamora (Zamora Chinchipe)   Zapotillo (Loja)   Zaruma (El Oro)  
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