El Salvador El Salvador

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El Salvador ( (listen); Spanish: [el salβaˈðoɾ]), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.

El Salvador was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. However the Viceroyalty of Mexico had little or no influence in the daily affairs of the Central American isthmus, which would be colonized in 1524. In 1609 the area became the Captaincy General of Guatemala, from which El Salvador was part of until its independence from Spain, which took place in 1821, as part of the First Mexican Empire, then further seceded, as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, in 1823. When the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.

From the late 19th to the mid-20th century, El Salvador endured chronic political and economic instability characterized by coups, revolts, and a succession of authoritarian rulers. Persistent socioeconomic inequality and civil unrest culminated in the devastating Salvadoran Civil War (1979–1992), which was fought between the military-led government and a coalition of left-wing guerrilla groups. The conflict ended with the Chapultepec Peace Accords. This negotiated settlement established a multiparty constitutional republic, which remains in place to this day.

El Salvador's economy has historically been dominated by agriculture, beginning with the indigo plant (añil in Spanish), the most important crop during the colonial period, and followed thereafter by coffee, which by the early 20th century accounted for 90 percent of export earnings. El Salvador has since reduced its dependence on coffee and embarked on diversifying the economy by opening up trade and financial links and expanding the manufacturing sector. The colón, the official currency of El Salvador since 1892, was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 2001.

El Salvador ranks 16th among Latin American countries in terms of the Human Development Index and fourth in Central America (behind Panama, Costa Rica, and Belize) due in part to ongoing rapid industrialisation. However, the country continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, inequality, and crime.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "El_Salvador", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 Quick link to country Discover cities and towns in El Salvador.

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AAcachapa (Sonsonate)   Acajutla (Sonsonate)   Aguilares (San Salvador)   Ahuachapán (Ahuachapan)   Albornoz (La Uni on)   Alegría (Usulutan)   Anamorós (La Uni on)   Apaneca (Ahuachapan)   Apastapeque (San Vicente)   Apopa (San Salvador)   Aquacorporacion de El Salvador S.A de C.V (Cuscatlan)   Armenia (Sonsonate)   Ateos (La Libertad)   Atiquizaya (Ahuachapan)  

BBerlín (Usulutan)   Bolívar (La Uni on)  

CCacaopera (Morazan)   Candelaria de la Frontera (Santa Ana)   Cara Sucia (Ahuachapan)   Chalatenango (Chalatenango)   Chalchuapa (Santa Ana)   Chamoco (San Vicente)   Chanmico (La Libertad)   Chapeltique (San Miguel)   Chilanga (Morazan)   Chiltiupan (La Libertad)   Chinameca (San Miguel)   Chirilagua (San Miguel)   Cinquera (Cabanas)   Ciudad Barrios (San Miguel)   Ciudad Delgado (San Salvador)   Coatepeque (Santa Ana)   Cojutepeque (Cuscatlan)   Colón (La Libertad)   Comacarán (San Miguel)   Concepción de Ataco (Ahuachapan)   Conception de Oriente (La Uni on)   Conchagua (La Uni on)   Corinto (Morazan)  

DDelicias de Concepción (Morazan)  

EEl Carmen (La Uni on)   El Congo (Santa Ana)   El Divisadero (Morazan)   El Platanar (San Miguel)   El Quebracho (San Vicente)   El Rosario (Morazan)   El Sauce (La Uni on)   El Tamarindo (La Uni on)   El Transito (San Miguel)   El Triunfo (Usulutan)   El Zonte (La Libertad)  

GGuadalupe (San Vicente)   Guatajiagua (Morazan)   Guaymango (Ahuachapan)   Guazapa (San Salvador)  

HHuizucar (La Libertad)  

I Ilobasco (Cabanas)   Ilopango (San Salvador)   Intipucá (La Uni on)   Izalco (Sonsonate)  

JJayaque (La Libertad)   Joateca (Morazan)   Jocoaitique (Morazan)   Jocoro (Morazan)   Juayúa (Sonsonate)   Jucuapa (Usulutan)   Jucuarán (Usulutan)  

LLa Cruz (Usulutan)   La Palma (Chalatenango)   Las Flores (La Libertad)   Las Marías (La Uni on)   La Trinidad (San Miguel)   Límite Sonsonate y La Libertad (Sonsonate)   Lolotique (San Miguel)   Lolotiquillo (Morazan)   Los Naranjos (Sonsonate)  

MMeanguera (Morazan)   Mercedes Umaña (Usulutan)   Metalío (Sonsonate)   Metapán (Santa Ana)   Moncagua (San Miguel)   Municipio de Comasagua (La Libertad)  

NNahuizalco (Sonsonate)   Nejapa (San Salvador)   Nueva Esparta (La Uni on)   Nueva Guadalupe (San Miguel)  

OOlocuilta (La Paz)   Osicala (Morazan)   Ozatlán (Usulutan)  

PPlayas (La Uni on)   Puerto de La Libertad (La Libertad)  

QQuezaltepeque (La Libertad)  

RRío Frío (San Vicente)   Rosario de Mora (San Salvador)  

SSacacoyo (Sonsonate)   Salcoatitán (Sonsonate)   Salinitas (Sonsonate)   San Alejo (La Uni on)   San Antonio (San Miguel)   San Bartolo (San Salvador)   San Bartolome Perulapia (Cuscatlan)   San Emigdio (San Vicente)   San Esteban Catarina (San Vicente)   San Fernando (Morazan)   San Francisco Agria (San Vicente)   San Francisco Gotera (Morazan)   San Ignacio (Chalatenango)   San Isidro labrador (Chalatenango)   San Jorge (San Miguel)   San José (La Uni on)   San José Guayabal (Cuscatlan)   San Juan Opico (La Libertad)   San Lorenzo (Ahuachapan)   San Lorenzo (San Vicente)   San Lorenzo (San Vicente)   San Martín (San Salvador)   San Matías (La Libertad)   San Miguel (San Miguel)   San Pablo Tacachico (La Libertad)   San Pedro (Morazan)   San Pedro Perulapan (Cuscatlan)   San Rafael Cedros (Cuscatlan)   San Salvador (San Salvador)   San Sebastián (San Vicente)   Santa Ana (Santa Ana)   Santa Barbara (Santa Ana)   Santa Catarina Masahuat (Sonsonate)   Santa Clara (San Vicente)   Santa Elena (Usulutan)   Santa Lucía (La Libertad)   Santa Maria (Usulutan)   Santa Rosa (La Libertad)   Santa Rosa de Lima (La Uni on)   Santa Tecla (La Libertad)   Santiago de María (Usulutan)   Santo Domingo (San Vicente)   San Vicente (San Vicente)   Sensuntepeque (Cabanas)   Sesori (San Miguel)   Sociedad (Morazan)   Sonsonate (Sonsonate)   Suchitoto (Cuscatlan)  

TTacuba (Ahuachapan)   Talnique (La Libertad)   Tamanique (La Libertad)   Tenancingo (Cuscatlan)   Teotepeque (La Libertad)   Tepititan (San Vicente)   Termos del Rio (Santa Ana)   Texistepeque (Santa Ana)   Tonacatepeque (San Salvador)   Torola (Morazan)   Tulapa (Ahuachapan)   Turín (Ahuachapan)  

UUluazapa (San Miguel)   Urbanizacion Nuevo Lourdes (La Libertad)   Usulután (Usulutan)  

VVerapaz (San Vicente)   Villa el Rosario (Morazan)  

YYucuaiquin (La Uni on)  

ZZacatecoluca (La Paz)   Zapotillo (Usulutan)   Zaragoza (La Libertad)  
Filter search by regions (Provinces) of El Salvador
Ahuachapan Cabanas Chalatenango Cuscatlan La Libertad La Paz La Uni on Morazan San Miguel San Salvador Santa Ana San Vicente Sonsonate Usulutan


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