Guatemala Guatemala

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Guatemala ( (listen) GWAH-tə-MAH-lə; Spanish: [gwateˈmala] (listen)), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.

The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Maya civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved by 1841.

From the mid to late 19th century, Guatemala experienced chronic instability and civil strife. Beginning in the early 20th century, it was ruled by a series of dictators backed by the United Fruit Company and the United States government. In 1944, authoritarian leader Jorge Ubico was overthrown by a pro-democratic military coup, initiating a decade-long revolution that led to sweeping social and economic reforms. A U.S.-backed military coup in 1954 ended the revolution and installed a dictatorship.

From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala endured a bloody civil war fought between the US-backed government and leftist rebels, including genocidal massacres of the Maya population perpetrated by the military. Since a United Nations-negotiated peace accord, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections, though it continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, crime, drug trade, and instability. As of 2014, Guatemala ranks 31st of 33 Latin American and Caribbean countries in terms of the Human Development Index.

Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems includes a large number of endemic species and contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Guatemala", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 Quick link to country Discover cities and towns in Guatemala.

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AAgua Blanca (Jutiapa)   Aguacatán (Huehuetenango)   Aguacatán (Huehuetenango)   Alotenango (Sacatepequez)   Amatitlan (Guatemala)   Amberes (Santa Rosa)   Antigua Guatemala (Sacatepequez)   Asuncion Mita (Jutiapa)   Atescatempa (Jutiapa)   Ayarza (Santa Rosa)   Ayutla (San Marcos)  

BBalastrera Semox (Izabal)   Barberena, (Santa Rosa)   Barranco Colorado (Zacapa)   Bolivianos (Izabal)  

CCaba¤as (Zacapa)   Cajola (Quezaltenango)   Camoja (Huehuetenango)   Camotan (Chiquimula)   Canillá (Quiche)   Cantel (Quezaltenango)   Casillas (Santa Rosa)   Catarina (San Marcos)   Chahal (Alta Verapaz)   Chajul (Quiche)   Chamac (San Marcos)   Champas Corrientes (Izabal)   Champerico (Retalhuleu)   Chiantla (Huehuetenango)   Chicacao (Suchitepequez)   Chicaman (Quiche)   Chiche (Quiche)   Chichicastenango (Quiche)   Chimaltenango (Chimaltenango)   Chinaultla (Guatemala)   Chinique (Quiche)   Chiquimula (Chiquimula)   Chiquimulilla (Santa Rosa)   Chisec (Alta Verapaz)   Chuarrancho (Guatemala)   Ciudad de Guatemala (Guatemala)   Ciudad Pedro de Alvarado (Jutiapa)   Ciudad Quetzal (Guatemala)   Ciudad Vieja (Sacatepequez)   Coatepeque (Quezaltenango)   Cobán (Alta Verapaz)   Colomba (Quezaltenango)   Colotenango (Huehuetenango)   Comitancillo (San Marcos)   Concepcion Chiquirichapa (Quezaltenango)   Concepción Huista (Huehuetenango)   Concepcion Huista (Huehuetenango)   Concepcion Tutuapa (San Marcos)   Conguaco (Jutiapa)   Contamicillo (San Marcos)   Cubulco (Baja Verapaz)   Cuilapa (Santa Rosa)   Cuilco (Huehuetenango)   Cunen (Quiche)   Cuyotenango (Suchitepequez)  

DDolores (Peten)  

EEl Cacao (Izabal)   EL Chal (Peten)   El Estor (Izabal)   El Jicaro (El Progreso)   El Nuevo Palmar (Retalhuleu)   El Progreso (Jutiapa)   El Quetzal (San Marcos)   El Rancho (El Progreso)   El Tejar (Chimaltenango)   El Tumbador (San Marcos)   El Zapote (Huehuetenango)   Escuintla (Escuintla)   Esquipulas (Chiquimula)   Esquipulas Palo Gordo (San Marcos)   Estanzuela (Zacapa)  

FFlores (Peten)   Flores Costa Cuca (Quezaltenango)   Fraijanes (Guatemala)   Fronteras Rio Dulce (Izabal)  

GGarita Chapina (Jutiapa)   Gualan (Zacapa)   Guastatoya (El Progreso)   Guazacapán (Santa Rosa)  

HHuehuetenango (Huehuetenango)   Huehuetenango (Huehuetenango)  

IIpala (Chiquimula)   Ixcán (Quiche)   Ixchiguan (San Marcos)   Ixtahuacan (Huehuetenango)   Iztapa (Escuintla)  

JJacaltenango (Huehuetenango)   Jalapa (Jalapa)   Jalpatagua (Jutiapa)   Jocotan (Chiquimula)   Jocotenango (Sacatepequez)   Joyabaj (Quiche)   Jumaytepeque (Santa Rosa)   Jutiapa (Jutiapa)  

LLa Democracia (Huehuetenango)   La Empalizada (Escuintla)   La Gomera (Escuintla)   Lago Peten Itza (Peten)   La Libertad (Huehuetenango)   La Reforma (San Marcos)   La Union (Zacapa)   Livingston (Izabal)   Los Amates (Izabal)  

MMachaquila (Peten)   Magdalena Milpas Altas (Sacatepequez)   Malacatan (San Marcos)   Malacatancito (Huehuetenango)   Mataquescuintla (Jalapa)   Mazatenango (Suchitepequez)   Melchor de Mencos (Peten)   Momostenango (Totonicapan)   Monjas (Jalapa)   Morales (Izabal)   Motuya (Jutiapa)   Moyuta (Jutiapa)  

NNahualá (Solola)   Nebaj (Quiche)   Nentón (Huehuetenango)   Nueva Concepción (Escuintla)   Nueva Santa Rosa (Santa Rosa)   Nuevo Progreso (San Marcos)  

OOlintepeque (Quezaltenango)   Olopa (Chiquimula)   Ostuncalco (Quezaltenango)  

PPachalúm (Quiche)   Pajapita (San Marcos)   Palencia (Guatemala)   Palín (Escuintla)   Panajachel (Solola)   Panzós (Alta Verapaz)   Parramos (Chimaltenango)   Pasaco (Jutiapa)   Pastores (Sacatepequez)   Patulul (Suchitepequez)   Patzicia (Chimaltenango)   Patzité (Quiche)   Patzun (Chimaltenango)   Playa Blanca (Peten)   Poptun (Peten)   Pueblo Nuevo (Suchitepequez)   Pueblo Nuevo Tiquisate (Escuintla)   Puerto Barrios (Izabal)   Puerto San Jose (Escuintla)   Purulha (Baja Verapaz)  

Q Quetzaltenango Xela (Quezaltenango)   Quezada (Jutiapa)  

RRaxhujá (Alta Verapaz)   Retalhuleu (Retalhuleu)   Río Blanco (San Marcos)   Rio Bravo (Suchitepequez)   Rio Dulce (Izabal)   Rio Hondo (Zacapa)  

SSacapulas (Quiche)   Salama (Baja Verapaz)   Samayac (Suchitepequez)   San Agustin Acasaguastlan (El Progreso)   San Andres Itzapa (Chimaltenango)   San Andres Sajcabaja (Quiche)   San Andres (Peten)   San Antonio Aguas Calientes (Sacatepequez)   San Antonio Huista (Huehuetenango)   San Antonio Sacatepéquez (San Marcos)   San Antonio Suchitepequez (Suchitepequez)   Sanarate (El Progreso)   San Bartolomé Jocotenango (Quiche)   San Bartolomé Milpas Altas (Sacatepequez)   San Carlos Alzatate (Jalapa)   San Carlos Sija (Quezaltenango)   San Cristóbal Cucho (San Marcos)   San Cristobal Frontera (Jutiapa)   San Cristóbal Totonicapán (Totonicapan)   San Cristobal Verapaz (Alta Verapaz)   San Felipe (Retalhuleu)   San Fernando (Izabal)   San Francisco El Alto (Totonicapan)   San Francisco Zapotitlán (Suchitepequez)   San Gaspar Ixchil (Huehuetenango)   San Ildefonso Ixtahuacán (Huehuetenango)   San Jeronimo (Baja Verapaz)   San Jorge (Zacapa)   San Jose (Peten)   San Jose Acatempa (Jutiapa)   San José del Golfo (Guatemala)   San Jose El Idolo (Suchitepequez)   San Jose Ojetenam (San Marcos)   San José Pinula (Guatemala)   San Jose Poaquil (Chimaltenango)   San Juan (Zacapa)   San Juan Atitan (Huehuetenango)   San Juan Chamelco (Alta Verapaz)   San Juan Comalapa (Chimaltenango)   San Juan Cotzal (Quiche)   San Juan de Dios (Peten)   San Juan del Obispo (Sacatepequez)   San Juan Ixcoy (Huehuetenango)   San Juan Sacatepéquez (Guatemala)   San Lorenzo (Escuintla)   San Lorenzo (San Marcos)   San Lucas Sacatepéquez (Sacatepequez)   San Lucas Tolimán (Solola)   San Luis (Peten)   San Luis Jilotepeque (Jalapa)   San Manuel Chaparron (Jalapa)   San Marcos (San Marcos)   San Marcos Palajunoj (Quezaltenango)   San Martin Jilotepeque (Chimaltenango)   San Mateo Ixtatan (Huehuetenango)   San Miguel Acatan (Huehuetenango)   San Miguel Acatán (Huehuetenango)   San Miguel Dueñas (Sacatepequez)   San Miguel Ixtahuacan (San Marcos)   San Miguel Petapa (Guatemala)   San Pablo (San Marcos)   San Pablo La Laguna (Solola)   San Pedro Ayampuc (Guatemala)   San Pedro Carcha (Alta Verapaz)   San Pedro Jacopilas (Quiche)   San Pedro Jocopilas (Quiche)   San Pedro La Laguna (Solola)   San Pedro Necta (Huehuetenango)   San Pedro Necta (Huehuetenango)   San Pedro Pinula (Jalapa)   San Pedro Sacatepequez (Guatemala)   San Pedro Sacatepéquez (San Marcos)   San Rafael La Independencia (Huehuetenango)   San Rafael Las Flores (Santa Rosa)   San Rafael Petzal (Huehuetenango)   San Rafael Pie de La Cuesta (San Marcos)   San Raymundo (Guatemala)   San Roman (Peten)   San Sebastian (Retalhuleu)   San Sebastian Coatan (Huehuetenango)   San Sebastián Coatán (Huehuetenango)   San Sebastian Huehuetenango (Huehuetenango)   San Sibinal (San Marcos)   Santa Apolonia (Chimaltenango)   Santa Bárbara (Huehuetenango)   Santa Catalina la Tinta (Alta Verapaz)   Santa Catarina Barahona (Sacatepequez)   Santa Catarina Ixtahuacán (Solola)   Santa Catarina Mita (Jutiapa)   Santa Catarina Pinula (Guatemala)   Santa Cruz Balanya (Chimaltenango)   Santa Cruz Barillas (Huehuetenango)   Santa Cruz del Quiche (Quiche)   Santa Cruz Mulua (Retalhuleu)   Santa Cruz Verapaz (Alta Verapaz)   Santa Elena Barillas (Guatemala)   Santa Eulalia (Huehuetenango)   Santa Lucia Cotzumalguapa (Escuintla)   Santa Lucia La Reforma (Totonicapan)   Santa Lucía Milpas Altas (Sacatepequez)   Santa Lucia Utatlan (Solola)   Santa María Cahabón (Alta Verapaz)   Santa Maria Chiquimula (Totonicapan)   Santa María de Jesús (Sacatepequez)   Santa María Nebaj (Quiche)   Santa Rita (San Marcos)   Santa Rosa de Lima (Santa Rosa)   Santiago Atitlán (Solola)   Santiago Chimaltenango (Huehuetenango)   Santiago Sacatepéquez (Sacatepequez)   Santo Domingo Suchitepequez (Suchitepequez)   Santo Domingo Xenacoj (Sacatepequez)   Santo Tomas De Castilla (Izabal)   Santo Tomás Milpas Altas (Sacatepequez)   San Vicente Pacaya (Escuintla)   Sayaxche (Peten)   Sebila (Izabal)   Senahu (Alta Verapaz)   Sibinal (San Marcos)   Sipacapa (San Marcos)   Sipacate (Escuintla)   Siquinala (Escuintla)   Sololá (Solola)   Soloma (Huehuetenango)   Sumpango (Sacatepequez)  

TTacana (San Marcos)   Tactic (Alta Verapaz)   Tajumulco (San Marcos)   Tamahú (Alta Verapaz)   Taxisco (Santa Rosa)   Tecpan (Chimaltenango)   Tectitan (Huehuetenango)   Teculutan (Zacapa)   Tejutla (San Marcos)   Tiquisate (Escuintla)   Todos Santos Cuchumatan (Huehuetenango)   Todos Santos Cuchumatán (Huehuetenango)   Totonicapán (Totonicapan)   Tucuru (Alta Verapaz)   Tuiquimamel, Tajumulco (San Marcos)   Tulate (Retalhuleu)  

UUspantan (Quiche)   Usumatlán (Zacapa)  

VVilla Canales (Guatemala)   Villa De Mixco (Guatemala)   Villa Nueva (Guatemala)  

YYepocapa (Chimaltenango)  

Z Zacapa (Zacapa)   Zacualpa (Quiche)   Zaragoza (Chimaltenango)   Zona 19. (Guatemala)  
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