North Korea North Korea

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North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. Both North Korea and South Korea became members of the United Nations in 1991.

In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. Negotiations on reunification failed, and in 1948, separate governments were formed: the socialist Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the capitalist Republic of Korea in the south. An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–1953). The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.

North Korea officially describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state, and formally holds elections. Various media outlets have called it Stalinist, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family. The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members. Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution in 1972. The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms. Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded. From 1994 to 1998, North Korea suffered a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 240,000 and 420,000 people, and the population continues to suffer malnutrition. North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy. It is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve and paramilitary personnel. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth largest in the world, after China, the United States and India. It possesses nuclear weapons.

International organizations have assessed that human rights violations in North Korea are commonplace and are so severe as to have no parallel in the contemporary world. The North Korean government strongly denies most allegations, accusing international organizations of fabricating human rights abuses as part of a smear campaign with the covert intention of regime change, although they admit that there are human rights issues relating to living conditions which the government is attempting to correct.



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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "North_Korea", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 Quick link to country Discover cities and towns in North Korea.

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AAnak (Hwanghae namdo)   Anbyon up (Kangwon do)   Anju (Pyongan namdo)   Aoji ri (Hamgyong bukto)   Ayang ni (Hwanghae namdo)  

CChaeryong up (Hwanghae namdo)   Changyon (Hwanghae namdo)   Chasong (Chagang do)   Chongjin (Hamgyong bukto)   Chongju (Pyongan bukto)   Chunghwa (Pyongyang)  

H Haeju (Hwanghae namdo)   Hamhung (Hamgyong namdo)   Hoeyang (Kangwon do)   Hongwon (Hamgyong namdo)   Hukkyo ri (Hwanghae bukto)   Hungju dong (Chagang do)   Hungnam (Hamgyong namdo)   Hwangju up (Hwanghae bukto)   Hyesan dong (Ryanggang)   Hyesan si (Ryanggang)  

IIwon up (Hamgyong namdo)  

KKaesong (Kaesong)   Kangdong up (Pyongyang)   Kanggye si (Chagang do)   Kapsan up (Ryanggang)   Kilju (Hamgyong bukto)   Kimch'aek si (Hamgyong bukto)   Koksan (Hwanghae bukto)   Komusan 1 tong (Hamgyong bukto)   Kosan (Kangwon do)   Kowon up (Hamgyong namdo)   Kujang up (Pyongan bukto)   Kusong (Pyongan bukto)   Kwaksan (Pyongan bukto)   Kyongsong (Hamgyong bukto)   Kyongwon (Hamgyong bukto)  

MMusan up (Hamgyong bukto)  

N Najin (Rason)   Namp'o (Pyongan namdo)   Namyang dong (Hamgyong bukto)   Nanam (Hamgyong bukto)  

OOngjin (Hwanghae namdo)   Onsong (Hamgyong bukto)  

PPanghyon dong (Pyongan bukto)   P'ohang ni (Kangwon do)   Pukchil lodongjagu (Pyongan bukto)   Puryong (Hamgyong bukto)   Pyoksong up (Hwanghae namdo)   P'yongsong (Pyongan namdo)   Pyongyang (Pyongyang)  

SSakchu up (Pyongan bukto)   Samho rodongjagu (Hamgyong namdo)   Sangsong ni (Pyongan namdo)   Sariwon (Hwanghae bukto)   Shi'erdaogou (Ryanggang)   Sil li (Pyongan namdo)   Sinanju (Pyongan namdo)   Sinmak (Hwanghae bukto)   Sinsang ni (Hamgyong namdo)   Sinuiju (Sinuiju)   Sonbong (Rason)   Songnim (Hwanghae bukto)   Sunan (Pyongyang)   Sungam nodongjagu (Hamgyong bukto)   Sungho 1 tong (Pyongyang)   Sungjibaegam (Ryanggang)  

TT'ongch'on up (Kangwon do)  

UUijin dong (Chagang do)   Uiju (Pyongan bukto)  

W Wonsan (Kangwon do)  

YYomju up (Pyongan bukto)   Yonan up (Hwanghae namdo)   Yongbyon (Pyongan bukto)   Yonggang up (Pyongan namdo)   Yonggwang up (Hamgyong namdo)   Yuktae dong (Hamgyong namdo)  
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Chagang do Hamgyong bukto Hamgyong namdo Hwanghae bukto Hwanghae namdo Kaesong Kangwon do Pyongan bukto Pyongan namdo Pyongyang Rason Ryanggang Sinuiju

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