Pakistan Pakistan

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Pakistan (Urdu: پاکِستان‎), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان‎), is a country in South Asia. It is the sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the far northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

The territory that now constitutes Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures and intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent. The ancient history involves the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and was later home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including Hindus, Indo-Greeks, Muslims, Turco-Mongols, Afghans, and Sikhs. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander III of Macedon, the Seleucid Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, the Gupta Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Delhi Sultanate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Afghan Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire (partially), and, most recently, the British Empire.

Pakistan is the only country to have been created in the name of Islam. As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Indian subcontinent's struggle for independence, the sovereign state of Pakistan was created in 1947 as an independent homeland for Indian Muslims. It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a similarly diverse geography and wildlife. Initially a dominion, Pakistan adopted a constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. An ethnic civil war in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh. In 1973 Pakistan adopted a new constitution establishing, alongside its pre-existing parliamentary republic status, a federal government based in Islamabad consisting of four provinces and three federal territories. The new constitution also stipulated that all laws are to conform to the injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Quran and Sunnah.

A regional and middle power, Pakistan has the sixth-largest standing armed forces in the world and is also a nuclear power as well as a declared nuclear-weapons state, the second in South Asia and the only nation in the Muslim world to have that status. Pakistan has a semi-industrialised economy with a well-integrated agriculture sector and a growing services sector. It is ranked among the emerging and growth-leading economies of the world, and is backed by one of the world's largest and fastest-growing middle class. Pakistan's political history since independence has been characterized by periods of military rule, political instability and conflicts with India. The country continues to face challenging problems, including overpopulation, terrorism, poverty, illiteracy, and corruption. Pakistan is a member of the UN, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the OIC, the Commonwealth of Nations, the SAARC and the Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition.



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AAbbaspur (Azad Kashmir)   Abbottabad (NWFP)   Adilpur (Sind)   Aghar Colony (Azad Kashmir)   Ahmadpur East (Punjab)   Ahmadpur Sial (Punjab)   Akora (NWFP)   Aliabad (Northern Areas)   Alik Ghund (Baluchistan)   Alipur (Punjab)   Alizai (FATA)   Alpurai (NWFP)   Aman Garh (NWFP)   Amirabad (NWFP)   Arifwala (Punjab)   Arja (Azad Kashmir)   Astore (Northern Areas)   Athmuqam (Azad Kashmir)   Attock City (Punjab)   Awaran (Baluchistan)  

BBaddomalhi (Punjab)   Badin (Sind)   Baffa (NWFP)   Bagarji (Sind)   Bagh (Azad Kashmir)   Bahawalnagar (Punjab)   Bahawalnagar (Punjab)   Bahawalpur (Punjab)   Bakhri Ahmad Khan (Punjab)   Bandhi (Sind)   Bannu (NWFP)   Barkhan (Baluchistan)   Barnala (Azad Kashmir)   Basirpur (Punjab)   Basti Dosa (Punjab)   Batgram (NWFP)   Bat Khela (NWFP)   Begowala (Punjab)   Bela (Baluchistan)   Berani (Sind)   Bhag (Baluchistan)   Bhai Pheru (Punjab)   Bhakkar (Punjab)   Bhalwal (Punjab)   Bhan (Sind)   Bhawana (Punjab)   Bhera (Punjab)   Bhimber (Azad Kashmir)   Bhiria (Sind)   Bhit Shah (Sind)   Bhopalwala (Punjab)   Birpani (Azad Kashmir)   Bozdar (Sind)   Bulri (Sind)   Burewala (Punjab)  

CChak (Sind)   Chak Azam Saffo (Punjab)   Chak Two Hundred Forty Nine TDA (Punjab)   Chakwal (Punjab)   Chambar (Sind)   Charsadda (NWFP)   Chauki (Azad Kashmir)   Chawinda (Punjab)   Cherat Cantonement (NWFP)   Chichawatni (Punjab)   Chikkar (Azad Kashmir)   Chiniot (Punjab)   Chishtian Mandi (Punjab)   Chitral (NWFP)   Choa Saidan Shah (Punjab)   Chor (Sind)   Chowki Jamali (Baluchistan)   Chuhar Jamali (Sind)   Chuhar Kana (Punjab)   Chunian (Punjab)  

DDadhar (Baluchistan)   Dadu (Sind)   Dadyal (Azad Kashmir)   Daggar (NWFP)   Daira Din Panah (Punjab)   Dajal (Punjab)   Dalbandin (Baluchistan)   Danyore (Northern Areas)   Daro Mehar (Sind)   Darya Khan (Punjab)   Darya Khan Marri (Sind)   Daska (Punjab)   Dasu (NWFP)   Daud Khel (Punjab)   Daulatpur (Sind)   Daultala (Punjab)   Daur (Sind)   Dera Allahyar (Baluchistan)   Dera Bugti (Baluchistan)   Dera Ghazi Khan (Punjab)   Dera Ismail Khan (NWFP)   Dera Murad Jamali (Baluchistan)   Dhanot (Punjab)   Dhaunkal (Punjab)   Dhoro Naro (Sind)   Digri (Sind)   Dijkot (Punjab)   Dinan Bashnoian Wala (Punjab)   Dinga (Punjab)   Dipalpur (Punjab)   Diplo (Sind)   Doaba (NWFP)   Dokri (Sind)   Duki (Baluchistan)   Dullewala (Punjab)   Dunga Bunga (Punjab)   Dunyapur (Punjab)  

EEminabad (Punjab)  

FFaisalabad (Punjab)   Faqirwali (Punjab)   Faruka (Punjab)   Fazilpur (Punjab)   Fort Abbas (Punjab)  

GGadani (Baluchistan)   Gambat (Sind)   Gandava (Baluchistan)   Garhi Khairo (Sind)   Garhi Yasin (Sind)   Garh Maharaja (Punjab)   Ghakuch (Northern Areas)   Gharo (Sind)   Ghauspur (Sind)   Ghawari (Northern Areas)   Ghotki (Sind)   Gilgit (Northern Areas)   Gojra (Punjab)   Gorikot (Northern Areas)   Goth Garelo (Sind)   Gujar Khan (Punjab)   Gujranwala (Punjab)   Gujrat (Punjab)   Gulpur (Azad Kashmir)   Gwadar (Baluchistan)  

HHadali (Punjab)   Hafizabad (Punjab)   Hajira (Azad Kashmir)   Hala (Sind)   Hangu (NWFP)   Haripur (NWFP)   Harnai (Baluchistan)   Harnoli (Punjab)   Haru Zbad (Punjab)   Hasan Abdal (Punjab)   Hasilpur (Punjab)   Haveli (Punjab)   Havelian (NWFP)   Hazro (Punjab)   Hingorja (Sind)   Hujra (Punjab)   Hyderabad (Sind)  

I Ishkoman (Northern Areas)   Islamabad (FCT)   Islamkot (Sind)  

JJacobabad (Sind)   Jahanian Shah (Punjab)   Jalalpur (Punjab)   Jalalpur Pirwala (Punjab)   Jampur (Punjab)   Jam Sahib (Sind)   Jamshoro (Sind)   Jand (Punjab)   Jandiala Sher Khan (Punjab)   Jaranwala (Punjab)   Jati (Sind)   Jatlan (Azad Kashmir)   Jatoi Shimali (Punjab)   Jauharabad (Punjab)   Jhang City (Punjab)   Jhang Sadr (Punjab)   Jhawarian (Punjab)   Jhelum (Punjab)   Jhol (Sind)   Jhumra (Punjab)   Jiwani (Baluchistan)   Johi (Sind)  

KKabirwala (Punjab)   Kadhan (Sind)   Kahna (Punjab)   Kahuta (Punjab)   Kakad Wari Dir Upper (NWFP)   Kalabagh (Punjab)   Kalaswala (Punjab)   Kalat (Baluchistan)   Kaleke Mandi (Punjab)   Kallar Kahar (Punjab)   Kalur Kot (Punjab)   Kamalia (Punjab)   Kamar Mushani (Punjab)   Kambar (Sind)   Kamir (Punjab)   Kamoke (Punjab)   Kamra (Punjab)   Kandhkot (Sind)   Kandiari (Sind)   Kandiaro (Sind)   Kanganpur (Punjab)   Karachi (Sind)   Karak (NWFP)   Karaundi (Sind)   Karimabad (Northern Areas)   Kario (Sind)   Karor (Punjab)   Kashmor (Sind)   Kasur (Punjab)   Kel (Azad Kashmir)   Keris (Northern Areas)   Keshupur (Punjab)   Keti Bandar (Sind)   Khadro (Sind)   Khai Gala (Azad Kashmir)   Khairpur (Punjab)   Khairpur Nathan Shah (Sind)   Khairpur (Sind)   Khalabat (NWFP)   Khanewal (Punjab)   Khangah Dogran (Punjab)   Khangarh (Punjab)   Khanpur (Punjab)   Khanpur (Sind)   Khaplu (Northern Areas)   Kharan (Baluchistan)   Kharian (Punjab)   Khewra (Punjab)   Khurrianwala (Punjab)   Khushab (Punjab)   Khuzdar (Baluchistan)   Kohat (NWFP)   Kohlu (Baluchistan)   Kohror Pakka (Punjab)   Kot Addu (Punjab)   Kot Diji (Sind)   Kot Ghulam Muhammad (Punjab)   Kot Jamel (Azad Kashmir)   Kotli (Azad Kashmir)   Kotli Loharan (Punjab)   Kot Malik Barkhurdar (Baluchistan)   Kot Mumin (Punjab)   Kot Radha Kishan (Punjab)   Kotri (Sind)   Kot Samaba (Punjab)   Kot Sultan (Punjab)   Kulachi (NWFP)   Kundian (Punjab)   Kunjah (Punjab)   Kunri (Sind)  

LLachi (NWFP)   Ladhewala Waraich (Punjab)   Lahore (Punjab)   Lakhi (Sind)   Lakki Marwat (NWFP)   Lala Musa (Punjab)   Lalian (Punjab)   Landi Kotal (FATA)   Larkana (Sind)   Layyah (Punjab)   Liliani (Punjab)   Lodhran (Punjab)   Loralai (Baluchistan)  

MMach (Baluchistan)   Madeji (Sind)   Mailsi (Punjab)   Malakand (NWFP)   Malakwal (Punjab)   Malakwal City (Punjab)   Malir Cantonment (Sind)   Mamu Kanjan (Punjab)   Mananwala (Punjab)   Mandhole (Azad Kashmir)   Mandi Bahauddin (Punjab)   Mangla (Punjab)   Mankera (Punjab)   Mansehra (NWFP)   Mardan (NWFP)   Mastung (Baluchistan)   Matiari (Sind)   Matli (Sind)   Mehar (Sind)   Mehrabpur (Sind)   Mian Channun (Punjab)   Mianwali (Punjab)   Minchinabad (Punjab)   Mingora (NWFP)   Miran Shah (FATA)   Miro Khan (Sind)   Mirpur (Azad Kashmir)   Mirpur Batoro (Sind)   Mirpur Khas (Sind)   Mirpur Mathelo (Sind)   Mirpur Sakro (Sind)   Mirwah Gorchani (Sind)   Mitha Tiwana (Punjab)   Mithi (Sind)   Moro (Sind)   Moza Shahwala (Punjab)   Multan (Punjab)   Muridke (Punjab)   Murree (Punjab)   Musa Khel Bazar (Baluchistan)   Mustafabad (Punjab)   Muzaffarabad (Azad Kashmir)   Muzaffargarh (Punjab)  

NNabisar (Sind)   Nakyal (Azad Kashmir)   Nankana Sahib (Punjab)   Narang (Punjab)   Narowal (Punjab)   Nasirabad (Sind)   Naudero (Sind)   Naukot (Sind)   Naushahra Virkan (Punjab)   Naushahro Firoz (Sind)   Nawabshah (Sind)   Nazir Town (Punjab)   New Badah (Sind)   Noorabad (NWFP)   Nowshera (NWFP)   Nowshera Cantonment (NWFP)   Nushki (Baluchistan)  

OOkara (Punjab)   Ormara (Baluchistan)  

PPabbi (NWFP)   Padhar Haveli (Azad Kashmir)   Pad Idan (Sind)   Paharpur (NWFP)   Pakpattan (Punjab)   Palandri (Azad Kashmir)   Pallan Gakharan (Azad Kashmir)   Panjgur (Baluchistan)   Pano Aqil (Sind)   Parachinar (FATA)   Pasni (Baluchistan)   Pasrur (Punjab)   Pattoki (Punjab)   Peshawar (NWFP)   Phalia (Punjab)   Phulji (Sind)   Pidakkesh (Northern Areas)   Pind Dadan Khan (Punjab)   Pindi Bhattian (Punjab)   Pindi Gheb (Punjab)   Pir jo Goth (Sind)   Pir Mahal (Punjab)   Pishin (Baluchistan)   Pithoro (Sind)  

QQadirpur Ran (Punjab)   Qila Abdullah (Baluchistan)   Qila Saifullah (Baluchistan)   Quetta (Baluchistan)  

RRabwah (Punjab)   Radhan (Sind)   Raiwind (Punjab)   Raja Jang (Punjab)   Rajanpur (Punjab)   Rajo Khanani (Sind)   Ranipur (Sind)   Rasulnagar (Punjab)   Ratodero (Sind)   Rawalakot (Azad Kashmir)   Rawalpindi (Punjab)   Renala Khurd (Punjab)   Risalpur Cantonment (NWFP)   Rohri (Sind)   Rojhan (Punjab)   Rustam jo Goth (Sind)  

SSadiqabad (Punjab)   Sahiwal (Punjab)   Sahiwal (Punjab)   Saidu Sharif (NWFP)   Sakrand (Sind)   Samahni (Azad Kashmir)   Samaro (Sind)   Sambrial (Punjab)   Sanghar (Sind)   Sangla Hill (Punjab)   Sanjwal (Punjab)   Sann (Sind)   Sarai Alamgir (Punjab)   Sarai Naurang (NWFP)   Sarai Sidhu (Punjab)   Sargodha (Punjab)   Sassi (Northern Areas)   Sehwan (Sind)   Setharja Old (Sind)   Shabqadar (NWFP)   Shahdad Kot (Sind)   Shahdadpur (Sind)   Shahkot (Punjab)   Shahpur (Punjab)   Shahpur Chakar (Sind)   Shahr Sultan (Punjab)   Shakargarh (Punjab)   Shangash (Northern Areas)   Sharda (Azad Kashmir)   Sharqpur (Punjab)   Sheikhupura (Punjab)   Shikarpur (Sind)   Shinpokh (FATA)   Shorko (NWFP)   Shujaabad (Punjab)   Sialkot (Punjab)   Sibi (Baluchistan)   Sillanwali (Punjab)   Sinjhoro (Sind)   Sita Road (Sind)   Skardu (Northern Areas)   Sobhadero (Sind)   Sodhra (Punjab)   Sohbatpur (Baluchistan)   Sost (Northern Areas)   Sudhan Galli (Azad Kashmir)   Sukheke Mandi (Punjab)   Sukkur (Sind)   Sultanabad (Northern Areas)   Surab (Baluchistan)   Surkhpur (Punjab)   Swabi (NWFP)  

TTal (NWFP)   Talagang (Punjab)   Talamba (Punjab)   Talhar (Sind)   Tandlianwala (Punjab)   Tando Adam (Sind)   Tando Allahyar (Sind)   Tando Bago (Sind)   Tando Ghulam Ali (Sind)   Tando Jam (Sind)   Tando Mittha Khan (Sind)   Tando Muhammad Khan (Sind)   Tangi (NWFP)   Tangwani (Sind)   Tank (NWFP)   Tatta Pani (Azad Kashmir)   Taunsa (Punjab)   Tharu Shah (Sind)   Thatta (Sind)   Thul (Sind)   Timargara (NWFP)   Toba Tek Singh (Punjab)   Topi (NWFP)   Turbat (Baluchistan)  

UUbauro (Sind)   Umarkot (Sind)   Upper Dir (NWFP)   Usta Muhammad (Baluchistan)   Uthal (Baluchistan)   Utmanzai (NWFP)  

VVihari (Punjab)  

WWana (FATA)   Warah (Sind)   Warburton (Punjab)   Wazirabad (Punjab)  

YYazman (Punjab)  

ZZafarwal (Punjab)   Zahir Pir (Punjab)   Zaida (NWFP)   Zhob (Baluchistan)   Ziarat (Baluchistan)  
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