Rwanda Rwanda

"exlimit" was too large for a whole article extracts request, lowered to 1. HTML may be malformed and/or unbalanced and may omit inline images. Use at your own risk. Known problems are listed at

Rwanda ( (listen); Kinyarwanda: U Rwanda [u.ɾɡwaː.nda] (listen)), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Kinyarwanda: Repubulika y'u Rwanda; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Rwanda; French: République du Rwanda), is a country in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.

The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. The Twa are a forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from Rwanda's earliest inhabitants. Scholars disagree on the origins of and differences between the Hutu and Tutsi; some believe differences are derived from former social castes within a single people, while others believe the Hutu and Tutsi arrived in the country separately, and from different locations. Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the principal language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with English and French serving as additional official languages. The sovereign state of Rwanda has a presidential system of government. The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who took office in 2000. Rwanda today has low corruption compared with neighbouring countries, although human rights organisations report suppression of opposition groups, intimidation and restrictions on freedom of speech. The country has been governed by a strict administrative hierarchy since precolonial times; there are five provinces delineated by borders drawn in 2006. Rwanda is one of only two countries with a female majority in the national parliament.

Hunter-gatherers settled the territory in the stone and iron ages, followed later by Bantu peoples. The population coalesced first into clans and then into kingdoms. The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from the mid-eighteenth century, with the Tutsi kings conquering others militarily, centralising power and later enacting anti-Hutu policies. Germany colonised Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa, followed by Belgium, which invaded in 1916 during World War I. Both European nations ruled through the kings and perpetuated a pro-Tutsi policy. The Hutu population revolted in 1959. They massacred numerous Tutsi and ultimately established an independent, Hutu-dominated state in 1962. A 1973 military coup saw a change of leadership, but pro-Hutu policy remained. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990. The presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, both Hutus, died together when their plane was shot down in April 1994. Social tensions erupted in the 1994 genocide, in which Hutu extremists killed an estimated 500,000 to 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu. The RPF ended the genocide with a military victory.

Rwanda's developing economy suffered heavily in wake of the 1994 genocide, but has since strengthened. The economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture. Coffee and tea are the major cash crops for export. Tourism is a fast-growing sector and is now the country's leading foreign exchange earner. Rwanda is one of only two countries in which mountain gorillas can be visited safely, and visitors pay high prices for gorilla tracking permits. Music and dance are an integral part of Rwandan culture, particularly drums and the highly choreographed intore dance. Traditional arts and crafts are produced throughout the country, including imigongo, a unique cow dung art.

Rwanda has been governed as a unitary presidential system with a bicameral parliament ruled by Rwandan Patriotic Front since 1994. The country is member of the African Union, the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, COMESA, OIF and the East African Community.

  View More

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rwanda", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 Quick link to country Discover cities and towns in Rwanda.

Filter more by Region (Provinces)

BButamwa (Kigali)   Butezi (Kibungu)   Byumba (Byumba)  

CCarrier (Byumba)   Cumbati (Kibungu)   Cyamutara (Kigali)   Cyangugu (Cyangugu)   Cyunuzi (Kibungu)  

GGahara (Kibungu)   Gahengeri (Kigali)   Gasabo (Kigali)   Gaseke (Byumba)   Gasimo (Byumba)   Gatsata / Karuruma (Kigali)   Gatsibo (Byumba)   Gatuna (Byumba)   Gikoro (Kigali)   Gisagara (Butare)   Gisenyi (Gisenyi)  

H Huye (Butare)  

IIdigiri (Byumba)  

KKabarondo (Kibungu)   Kabuga (Kigali)   Kabuga Ka Musha (Kigali)   Kadobogo (Byumba)   Kajevuba (Kigali)   Karaba (Gikongoro)   Karengera (Cyangugu)   Karondo (Kigali)   Kayonza (Kibungu)   Kibaya (Kibungu)   Kibungo (Kibungu)   Kibuye (Kibuye)   Kigali (Kigali)   Kigoma (Byumba)   Kinigi (Ruhengeri)   Kirehe (Kibungu)  

MMarenge (Kigali)   Masaka (Kigali)   Mugina (Byumba)   Muhanga Gitarama (Gitarama)   Muhazi (Kibungu)   Murindi (Kigali)   Musambira (Gitarama)   Musanze (Ruhengeri)  

NNemba (Ruhengeri)   Ngarama (Byumba)   Ngoma (Kibungu)   Nstinda (Kibungu)   Ntunga (Kigali)   Nyacyonga (Kigali)   Nyagatare (Byumba)   Nyagisambu (Kigali)   Nyamagabe (Gikongoro)   Nyamasheke (Cyangugu)   Nyamirama (Kibungu)   Nyangihinika (Gisenyi)   Nyanza (Butare)   Nyaruguru (Gikongoro)  

RRemera (Kibungu)   Rugenda (Kigali)   Ruhondo (Ruhengeri)   Rukara (Kibungu)   Rukoli (Kigali)   Rukomo (Byumba)   Runda (Gitarama)   Ruramira (Kibungu)   Rushashi (Kigali)   Rusine (Kigali)   Rusumo (Byumba)   Rwabutazi (Kibungu)   Rwafandi (Byumba)   Rwamagana (Kibungu)  

SSake (Kibungu)  

TTare (Kigali)  
Filter search by regions (Provinces) of Rwanda
Butare Byumba Cyangugu Gikongoro Gisenyi Gitarama Kibungu Kibuye Kigali Ruhengeri


While every effort has been made to ensure the validity of the information provided in this website, any use of this information IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY and activities you undertake based on this information IS AT YOUR OWN RISK.

It is your responsibility to seek, source and procure any required permits for access or in order to undertake any activities at locations.

The authors and publisher accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by any persons using information from this website.

Using this website you abide by our Terms and Conditions.

©2017 TripUgo - where's the next trip U go?