Switzerland Switzerland

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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state situated in the confluence of western, central, and southern Europe. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities seated in Bern. Switzerland is a landlocked country bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are located, among them the two global cities and economic centres of Zürich and Geneva.

The establishment of the Old Swiss Confederacy dates to the late medieval period, resulting from a series of military successes against Austria and Burgundy. Swiss independence from the Holy Roman Empire was formally recognized in the Peace of Westphalia in 1648. Since the Reformation of the 16th century, Switzerland has maintained a strong policy of armed neutrality; it has not fought an international war since 1815 and did not join the United Nations until 2002. Nevertheless, it pursues an active foreign policy and is frequently involved in peace-building processes around the world. Switzerland is the birthplace of the Red Cross, one of the world's oldest and best known humanitarian organisations, and is home to numerous international organisations, including the second largest UN office. It is a founding member of the European Free Trade Association, but notably not part of the European Union, the European Economic Area or the Eurozone. However, it participates in the Schengen Area and the European Single Market through bilateral treaties.

Switzerland occupies the crossroads of Germanic and Romance Europe, as reflected in its four main linguistic and cultural regions: German, French, Italian and Romansh. Although the majority of the population are German-speaking, Swiss national identity is rooted in a common historical background, shared values such as federalism and direct democracy, and Alpine symbolism. Due to its linguistic diversity, Switzerland is known by a variety of native names: Schweiz [ˈʃvaɪts] (German); Suisse [sɥis(ə)] (French); Svizzera [ˈzvittsera] (Italian); and Svizra [ˈʒviːtsrɐ, ˈʒviːtsʁɐ] (Romansh). On coins and stamps, the Latin name – frequently shortened to "Helvetia" – is used instead of the four national languages.

Switzerland is one of the most developed countries in the world, with the highest nominal wealth per adult and the eighth-highest per capita gross domestic product. It ranks at or near the top in several international metrics, including economic competitiveness and human development. Zürich, Geneva and Basel have been ranked among the top ten cities in the world in terms of quality of life, with Zürich ranked second globally.

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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Switzerland", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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AAarau (Aargau)   Adliswil (Zurich)   Affoltern am Albis (Zurich)   Allschwil (Basel Landschaft)   Altstätten (Sankt Gallen)   Amriswil (Thurgau)   Appenzell (Appenzell Innerrhoden)   Arbon (Thurgau)   Arth (Schwyz)  

BBaar (Zug)   Baden (Aargau)   Bad Säckingen (Aargau)   Basel (Basel Stadt)   Bellinzona (Ticino)   Belp (Bern)   Bern (Bern)   Biel/Bienne (Bern)   Binningen (Basel Landschaft)   Birsfelden (Basel Landschaft)   Bremgarten (Aargau)   Brig (Valais)   Brugg (Aargau)   Brüttisellen (Zurich)   Buchs (Sankt Gallen)   Bülach (Zurich)   Bulle (Fribourg)   Burgdorf (Bern)  

CCarouge (Geneve)   Cham (Zug)   Chêne Bougeries (Geneve)   Chur (Graubunden)  

DDavos (Graubunden)   Delémont (Jura)   Dietikon (Zurich)   Dübendorf (Zurich)  

EEbikon (Lucerne)   Ecublens (Vaud)   Effretikon (Zurich)   Einsiedeln (Schwyz)   Emmen (Lucerne)  

FFrauenfeld (Thurgau)   Fribourg (Fribourg)   Friedrichshafen (Thurgau)  

G Genève (Geneve)   Gland (Vaud)   Glarus (Glarus)   Glattbrugg (Zurich)   Goldau (Schwyz)   Gossau (Sankt Gallen)   Grenchen (Solothurn)  

HHerisau (Appenzell Ausserrhoden)   Herzogenbuchsee (Bern)   Horgen (Zurich)   Horw (Lucerne)  

IIllnau (Zurich)   Interlaken (Bern)   Ittigen (Bern)  

JJona (Sankt Gallen)  

KKloten (Zurich)   Köniz (Bern)   Kreuzlingen (Thurgau)   Kriens (Lucerne)   Küsnacht (Zurich)   Küssnacht (Schwyz)  

LLa Chaux de Fonds (Neuchatel)   Lancy (Geneve)   Langenargen (Thurgau)   Langenthal (Bern)   La Tour de Peilz (Vaud)   Laufenburg CH (Aargau)   Laufenburg D (Aargau)   Lausanne (Vaud)   Le Grand Saconnex (Geneve)   Le Locle (Neuchatel)   Lenzburg (Aargau)   Liestal (Basel Landschaft)   Locarno (Ticino)   Lugano (Ticino)   Luzern (Lucerne)   Lyss (Bern)  

MMartigny (Valais)   Meersburg (Thurgau)   Meilen (Zurich)   Mellingen (Aargau)   Mendrisio (Ticino)   Meyrin (Geneve)   Monthey (Valais)   Montreux (Vaud)   Morcote (Ticino)   Morges (Vaud)   Münchenstein (Basel Landschaft)   Münsingen (Bern)   Muri bei Bern (Bern)   Muttenz (Basel Landschaft)  

NNeuchâtel (Neuchatel)   Neuhausen am Rheinfall (Schaffhausen)   Nyon (Vaud)  

OOberarth (Schwyz)   Oberwil (Basel Landschaft)   Oftringen (Aargau)   Olten (Solothurn)   Onex (Geneve)   Opfikon (Zurich)   Ostermundigen (Bern)  

PPfäffikon (Schwyz)   Plan les Ouates (Geneve)   Pratteln (Basel Landschaft)   Prilly (Vaud)   Pully (Vaud)  

RRadolfzell (Thurgau)   Rapperswil (Sankt Gallen)   Regensdorf (Zurich)   Reinach (Basel Landschaft)   Renens (Vaud)   Rheinfelden (Aargau)   Rheinfelden Baden (Aargau)   Richterswil (Zurich)   Riehen (Basel Stadt)   Romanshorn (Thurgau)   Rotkreuz (Zug)   Rüti (Zurich)  

SSarnen (Obwalden)   Schaffhausen (Zurich)   Schlieren (Zurich)   Schwyz (Schwyz)   Sierre (Valais)   Sion (Valais)   Solothurn (Solothurn)   Spiez (Bern)   Stäfa (Zurich)   Stans (Nidwalden)   Steffisburg (Bern)   St. Gallen (Sankt Gallen)  

TThalwil (Zurich)   Thônex (Geneve)   Thun (Bern)  

UÜberlingen (Thurgau)   Uster (Zurich)   Uzwil (Sankt Gallen)  

VVals (Graubunden)   Vernier (Geneve)   Versoix (Geneve)   Vevey (Vaud)   Veyrier (Geneve)   Villars sur Glâne (Fribourg)   Volketswil (Zurich)  

WWädenswil (Zurich)   Waldshut (Aargau)   Wallisellen (Zurich)   Weinfelden (Thurgau)   Wettingen (Aargau)   Wetzikon (Zurich)   Wil (Sankt Gallen)   Winterthur (Zurich)   Wohlen (Aargau)   Worb (Bern)  

YYverdon les Bains (Vaud)  

ZZofingen (Aargau)   Zollikofen (Bern)   Zollikon (Zurich)   Zug (Zug)   Zürich (Zurich)  
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