Central African Republic Central African Republic

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The Central African Republic (CAR; Sango: Ködörösêse tî Bêafrîka; French: République centrafricaine  pronounced [ʁepyblik sɑ̃tʁafʁikɛn], or Centrafrique [sɑ̃tʁafʁik]) is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the southwest and Cameroon to the west. The CAR covers a land area of about 620,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi) and had an estimated population of around 4.6 million as of 2016.

Most of the CAR consists of Sudano-Guinean savannas, but the country also includes a Sahelo-Sudanian zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south. Two thirds of the country is within the Ubangi River basin (which flows into the Congo), while the remaining third lies in the basin of the Chari, which flows into Lake Chad.

What is today the Central African Republic has been inhabited for millennia; however, the country's current borders were established by France, which ruled the country as a colony starting in the late 19th century. After gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic was ruled by a series of autocratic leaders, including an abortive attempt at a monarchy; by the 1990s, calls for democracy led to the first multi-party democratic elections in 1993. Ange-Félix Patassé became president, but was later removed by General François Bozizé in the 2003 coup. The Central African Republic Bush War began in 2004 and, despite a peace treaty in 2007 and another in 2011, fighting broke out between various factions in December 2012, leading to ethnic and religious cleansing of the Muslim minority and massive population displacement in 2013 and 2014.

Despite its significant mineral deposits and other resources, such as uranium reserves, crude oil, gold, diamonds, cobalt, lumber, and hydropower, as well as significant quantities of arable land, the Central African Republic is among the ten poorest countries in the world, with the lowest GDP per capita at purchasing power parity in the world as of 2017. As of 2015, according to the Human Development Index (HDI), the country had the lowest level of human development, ranking 188th out of 188 countries. It is also estimated to be the unhealthiest country as well as the worst country in which to be young. The Central African Republic is a member of the United Nations, the African Union, the Economic Community of Central African States, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie and the Non-Aligned Movement.



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AAbba (Nana Mambere)   Akourousoulba (Bamingui Bangoran)   Akpia (Basse Kotto)   Alindao (Basse Kotto)   Amada Gaza (Mambere Kadéi)  

BBabua (Nana Mambere)   Bakala (Ouaka)   Bakouma (Mbomou)   Balego (Sangha Mbaere)   Bamba (Mambere Kadéi)   Bambio (Sangha Mbaere)   Bamingui (Bamingui Bangoran)   Bang (Ouham Pende)   Bangassou (Mbomou)   Bangui (Ombella MPoko)   Bania (Mambere Kadéi)   Baoro (Nana Mambere)   Batangafo (Ouham)   Bémal (Ouham Pende)   Berbérati (Mambere Kadéi)   Betoko (Ouham Pende)   Bianga (Ouaka)   Bim (Ombella MPoko)   Bimbo (Ombella MPoko)   Birao (Vakaga)   Boali (Ombella MPoko)   Bocaranga (Ouham Pende)   Boda (Lobaye)   Bohong (Ouham Pende)   Bondia (Ouham Pende)   Bongangolo (Ombella MPoko)   Bossangoa (Ouham)   Bossembélé (Ombella MPoko)   Bossemptele (Ouham Pende)   Bossongo II (Lobaye)   Bouansouma (Ouham)   Bouar (Nana Mambere)   Bouca (Ouham)   Bowaye (Ouham)   Boyabane (Ouham Pende)   Bozoum (Ouham Pende)   Bria (Haute Kotto)  

CCarnot (Mambere Kadéi)  

DDamara (Ombella MPoko)   Déde Mokouba (Mambere Kadéi)   De Gaulle (Ouham Pende)   Dekoa (Kemo)   Dimbi (Basse Kotto)   Djemah (Haut Mbomou)   Doaka (Nana Mambere)  

FFéré (Ombella MPoko)  

GGadzi (Mambere Kadéi)   Gallo (Nana Mambere)   Gawa (Ouham)   Gbada (Ouaka)   Gogourtakoro (Mambere Kadéi)   Gouze (Ouham Pende)   Grimari (Ouaka)  

HHang Zoung (Ouham Pende)  

IIppy (Ouaka)  

KKabo (Ouham)   Kaboro (Ouham)   Kaga Bandoro (Nana Grebizi)   Kemba (Mbomou)   Kembé (Basse Kotto)   Kolo (Ouham)   Kongbo (Basse Kotto)   Kouango (Ouaka)   Kounang (Ouham Pende)   Kounpo (Ouham Pende)  

LLéré (Ouham)   Linga (Ouham)  

MMaloum (Ouaka)   Mann (Ouham Pende)   Markounda (Ouham)   Mbaïki (Lobaye)   Mbolo (Basse Kotto)   Mbotoga (Ouham Pende)   Mboula (Mambere Kadéi)   Mbouli (Mambere Kadéi)   Mbrès (Nana Grebizi)   Mingala (Basse Kotto)   Mobaye (Basse Kotto)   Mongoumba (Lobaye)   Moyenne Sido (Ouham)  

NNana Bakassa (Ouham)   Nandobo (Mambere Kadéi)   Nao (Mambere Kadéi)   Nassouri (Mambere Kadéi)   N'Délé (Bamingui Bangoran)   Ndogba (Mbomou)   Ndomete (Nana Grebizi)   Ngaidoua (Nana Mambere)   Ngakobo (Ouaka)   Ngodjo (Ouaka)   Nola (Sangha Mbaere)   Nzako (Mbomou)  

O Obo (Haut Mbomou)   Ongo (Kemo)   Ouadda (Haute Kotto)   Ouanda Djallé (Vakaga)   Ouandago (Nana Grebizi)   Ouango (Mbomou)  

P Paoua (Ouham Pende)   Pende (Ouham Pende)  

RRafaï (Mbomou)  

SSabou (Ouham)   Sam Ouandja (Haute Kotto)   Sibut (Kemo)   Sosso Nakombo (Mambere Kadéi)  

TTaley (Ouham Pende)   Tiringoulou (Vakaga)  

VVange (Ombella MPoko)  

YYalinga (Haute Kotto)   Yaloke (Ombella MPoko)   Yawa (Lobaye)   Yombo (Ombella MPoko)  

ZZémio (Haut Mbomou)   Zondo (Lobaye)   Zoulouma (Basse Kotto)  
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