Chile Chile

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Chile ( (listen); Spanish: [ˈtʃile]), officially the Republic of Chile (Spanish: República de Chile ), is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It borders Peru to the north, Bolivia to the northeast, Argentina to the east, and the Drake Passage in the far south. Chilean territory includes the Pacific islands of Juan Fernández, Salas y Gómez, Desventuradas, and Easter Island in Oceania. Chile also claims about 1,250,000 square kilometres (480,000 sq mi) of Antarctica, although all claims are suspended under the Antarctic Treaty.

The arid Atacama Desert in northern Chile contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.

Spain conquered and colonized the region in the mid-16th century, replacing Inca rule in the north and centre, but failing to conquer the independent Mapuche who inhabited what is now south-central Chile. After declaring its independence from Spain in 1818, Chile emerged in the 1830s as a relatively stable authoritarian republic. In the 19th century, Chile saw significant economic and territorial growth, ending Mapuche resistance in the 1880s and gaining its current northern territory in the War of the Pacific (1879–83) after defeating Peru and Bolivia. In the 1960s and 1970s, the country experienced severe left-right political polarization and turmoil. This development culminated with the 1973 Chilean coup d'état that overthrew Salvador Allende's democratically elected left-wing government and instituted a 16-year-long right-wing military dictatorship that left more than 3,000 people dead or missing. The regime, headed by Augusto Pinochet, ended in 1990 after it lost a referendum in 1988 and was succeeded by a center-left coalition which ruled through four presidencies until 2010.

The modern sovereign state of Chile is among South America's most economically and socially stable and prosperous nations, with a high-income economy and high living standards. It leads Latin American nations in rankings of human development, competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, state of peace, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption. It also ranks high regionally in sustainability of the state, and democratic development. Chile is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), joining in 2010. Currently it also has the lowest homicide rate in South America. Chile is a founding member of the United Nations, the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC).



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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chile", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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AAchao (Los Lagos)   Alerce (Los Lagos)   Algarrobo (Valparaiso)   Alto del Carmen (Atacama)   Alto Hospicio (Tarapaca)   Alto Jahuel (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Ancud (Los Lagos)   Andacollo (Coquimbo)   Angol (Araucania)   Antofagasta (Antofagasta)   Arauco (Bio Bio)   Arica (Tarapaca)  

BBalmaceda (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Botalcura (Maule)   Buin (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Bulnes (Bio Bio)  

CCabildo (Valparaiso)   Cabrero (Bio Bio)   Cachagua (Valparaiso)   Calama (Antofagasta)   Calbuco (Los Lagos)   Caldera (Atacama)   Caleta Tortel (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Camiña (Tarapaca)   Cañete (Bio Bio)   Capitán Pastene (Araucania)   Cartagena (Valparaiso)   Casablanca (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Castro (Los Lagos)   Catemu (Valparaiso)   Cauquenes (Maule)   Cerro Sombrero (Magallanes y Antartica Chilena)   Chaitén (Los Lagos)   Chañaral (Atacama)   Chanco (Maule)   Cherquenco (Araucania)   Chiguayante (Bio Bio)   Chillán (Bio Bio)   Chillán Viejo (Bio Bio)   Chimbarongo (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Chonchi (Los Lagos)   Chuquicamata (Antofagasta)   Cochrane (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Codegua (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Codegua (Maule)   Coelemu (Bio Bio)   Colchane (Tarapaca)   Colina (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Collipulli (Araucania)   Coltauco (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Concepción (Bio Bio)   Concón (Valparaiso)   Constitución (Maule)   Copiapó (Atacama)   Coquimbo (Coquimbo)   Coronel (Bio Bio)   Corral (Los Lagos)   Coya (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Coyhaique (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Curacautín (Araucania)   Curacaví (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Curaco de Vélez (Los Lagos)   Curanilahue (Bio Bio)   Curepto (Maule)   Curicó (Maule)  

DDalcahue (Los Lagos)   Diego de Almagro (Atacama)   Doñihue (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)  

EEl Amarillo (Los Lagos)   El Monte (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   El Quisco (Valparaiso)   El Recurso (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   El Tabo (Valparaiso)  

FFlorida (Bio Bio)   Freire (Araucania)   Frutillar (Los Lagos)   Futrono (Los Lagos)  

GGalvarino (Araucania)   Gorbea (Araucania)   Graneros (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)  

H Hanga Roa (Valparaiso)   Horcón (Valparaiso)   Hornopirén (Los Lagos)   Hualpén (Bio Bio)   Hualqui (Bio Bio)   Huara (Tarapaca)   Huasco (Atacama)   Huépil (Bio Bio)  

IIllapel (Coquimbo)   Iloca (Maule)   Iquique (Tarapaca)   Isla de Maipo (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)  

LLabranza (Araucania)   La Calera (Valparaiso)   La Estrella (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Lago Ranco (Los Lagos)   Laja (Bio Bio)   La Junta (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   La Ligua (Valparaiso)   Lampa (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Lanco (Araucania)   Las Cruces (Valparaiso)   La Serena (Coquimbo)   La Tirana (Tarapaca)   La Unión (Los Lagos)   Lautaro (Araucania)   Lebu (Bio Bio)   Licantén (Maule)   Limache (Valparaiso)   Linares (Maule)   Llaillay (Valparaiso)   Llanquihue (Los Lagos)   Lo Miranda (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Loncoche (Araucania)   Lontué (Maule)   Los Álamos (Bio Bio)   Los Andes (Valparaiso)   Los Ángeles (Bio Bio)   Los Lagos (Los Lagos)   Los Vilos (Coquimbo)   Lota (Bio Bio)  

MMachalí (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Maicolpué (Los Lagos)   Maipo (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Maipú (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Maitencillo (Valparaiso)   Mañihuales (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   María Elena (Antofagasta)   Melinka (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Melipilla (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Molina (Maule)   Monte Águila (Bio Bio)   Mulchén (Bio Bio)  

NNacimiento (Bio Bio)   NOGALES (Valparaiso)   Nueva Imperial (Araucania)   Nueva Toltén (Araucania)  

OOlmué (Valparaiso)   Osorno (Los Lagos)   Ovalle (Coquimbo)  

PPadre Las Casas (Araucania)   Paillaco (Los Lagos)   Paine (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Panguipulli (Araucania)   Papudo (Valparaiso)   Parral (Maule)   Pelequén (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Pelluhue (Maule)   Pemuco (Bio Bio)   Peñaflor (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Pencahue (Maule)   Penco (Bio Bio)   Pica (Tarapaca)   Pichidangui (Valparaiso)   Pichilemu (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Pinto (Bio Bio)   Pirque (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Pisagua (Tarapaca)   Pisco Elqui (Coquimbo)   Pisiga Bolivar (Tarapaca)   Pitrufquén (Araucania)   Población Los Maquis (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Porvenir (Magallanes y Antartica Chilena)   Pozo Almonte (Tarapaca)   Puchuncaví (Valparaiso)   Pucón (Araucania)   Puelo (Los Lagos)   Puente Alto (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Puerto Aguirre (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Puerto Aysén (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Puerto Chacabuco (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Puerto Cisnes (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)   Puerto Montt (Los Lagos)   Puerto Natales (Magallanes y Antartica Chilena)   Puerto Norte (Bio Bio)   Puerto Sur (Bio Bio)   Puerto Varas (Los Lagos)   Puerto Williams (Magallanes y Antartica Chilena)   Punta Arenas (Magallanes y Antartica Chilena)   Purranque (Los Lagos)   Putre (Tarapaca)   Puyuhuapi (Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo)  

QQueilén (Los Lagos)   Quellón (Los Lagos)   Quilaco (Bio Bio)   Quilleco (Bio Bio)   Quillón (Bio Bio)   Quillota (Valparaiso)   Quilpué (Valparaiso)   Quimavida (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Quinta de Tilcoco (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Quintero (Valparaiso)   Quirihue (Bio Bio)  

RRahue Bajo (Los Lagos)   Rancagua (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Rengo (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Requínoa (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Rinconada de Los Andes (Valparaiso)   Río Bueno (Los Lagos)   Río Negro (Los Lagos)   Romeral (Maule)   Rosario (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)  

SSagrada Familia (Maule)   Salamanca (Coquimbo)   San Antonio (Valparaiso)   San Bernardo (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   San Carlos (Bio Bio)   San Clemente (Maule)   San Esteban (Valparaiso)   San Felipe (Valparaiso)   San Fernando (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   San Francisco de Mostazal (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   San Ignacio (Bio Bio)   San Javier (Maule)   San José de Maipo (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   San Pablo (Los Lagos)   San Pedro de Atacama (Antofagasta)   San Pedro de la Paz (Bio Bio)   San Rosendo (Bio Bio)   Santa Bárbara (Bio Bio)   Santa Cruz (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Santa Juana (Bio Bio)   Santiago (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   San Vicente de Tagua Tagua (Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins)   Sector Las Lluvias (Coquimbo)  

T Talagante (Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago)   Talca (Maule)   Talcahuano (Bio Bio)   Taltal (Antofagasta)   Temuco (Araucania)   Teno (Maule)   Teodoro Schmidt (Araucania)   Tocopilla (Antofagasta)   Tomé (Bio Bio)   Tongoy (Coquimbo)   Traiguén (Araucania)   Tres Pinos (Bio Bio)   Tucapel (Bio Bio)  

V Valdivia (Los Lagos)   Vallenar (Atacama)   Valparaíso (Valparaiso)   Ventanas (Valparaiso)   Vichuquén (Maule)   Victoria (Araucania)   Vicuña (Coquimbo)   Villa Alemana (Valparaiso)   Villarrica (Araucania)   Villa Santa Lucía (Los Lagos)   Viña del Mar (Valparaiso)   Visviri (Tarapaca)  

YYumbel (Bio Bio)   Yungay (Bio Bio)  

ZZapallar (Valparaiso)  
Filter search by regions (Provinces) of Chile
Aisen del General Carlos Ibanez del Campo Antofagasta Araucania Atacama Bio Bio Coquimbo Libertador General Bernardo OHiggins Los Lagos Magallanes y Antartica Chilena Maule Regi on Metropolitana de Santiago Tarapaca Valparaiso

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