Kazakhstan Kazakhstan

"exlimit" was too large for a whole article extracts request, lowered to 1. HTML may be malformed and/or unbalanced and may omit inline images. Use at your own risk. Known problems are listed at https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:TextExtracts#Caveats.

Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан, translit. Qazaqstan, IPA: [qɑzɑqˈstɑn] (listen); Russian: Казахстан, IPA: [kəzɐxˈstan]), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы, translit. Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Russian: Республика Казахстан, tr. Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi). It is a transcontinental country largely located in Asia; the most western parts are in Europe. Kazakhstan is the dominant nation of Central Asia economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil and gas industry. It also has vast mineral resources.

Kazakhstan is officially a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Kazakhstan shares borders with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, and also adjoins a large part of the Caspian Sea. The terrain of Kazakhstan includes flatlands, steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow-capped mountains, and deserts. Kazakhstan has an estimated 18.3 million people as of 2018. Given its large land area, its population density is among the lowest, at less than 6 people per square kilometre (15 people per sq mi). The capital is Astana (officially renamed Nur-Sultan in 2019), where it was moved in 1997 from Almaty, the country's largest city.

The territory of Kazakhstan has historically been inhabited by groups included the nomadic groups and empires. In antiquity, the nomadic Scythians have inhabited the land and the Persian Achaemenid Empire expanded towards the southern territory of the modern country. Turkic nomads who trace their ancestry to many Turkic states such as Turkic Khaganate etc have inhabited the country throughout the country's history. In the 13th century, the territory joined the Mongolian Empire under Genghis Khan. By the 16th century, the Kazakh emerged as a distinct group, divided into three jüz (ancestor branches occupying specific territories). The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century, and by the mid-19th century, they nominally ruled all of Kazakhstan as part of the Russian Empire. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganised several times. In 1936, it was made the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, part of the Soviet Union.

Kazakhstan was the last of the Soviet republics to declare independence during the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Nursultan Nazarbayev, the first President of Kazakhstan, was characterized as an authoritarian, and his government was accused of numerous human rights violations, including suppression of dissent and censorship of the media. Nazarbayev resigned in March 2019, with Senate Chairman Kassym-Jomart Tokayev taking office as Interim President. Kazakhstan has worked to develop its economy, especially its dominant hydrocarbon industry. Human Rights Watch says that "Kazakhstan heavily restricts freedom of assembly, speech, and religion", and other human rights organisations regularly describe Kazakhstan's human rights situation as poor.

Kazakhstan's 131 ethnicities include Kazakhs (63% of the population), Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Germans, Tatars, and Uyghurs. Islam is the religion of about 70% of the population, with Christianity practised by 26%. Kazakhstan officially allows freedom of religion, but religious leaders who oppose the government are suppressed. The Kazakh language is the state language, and Russian has equal official status for all levels of administrative and institutional purposes. Kazakhstan is a member of the United Nations, WTO, CIS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the Eurasian Economic Union, CSTO, OSCE, OIC, and TURKSOY.

  View More

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Kazakhstan", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

 Quick link to country Discover cities and towns in Kazakhstan.

Filter more by Region (Provinces)

AAbay (Qaraghandy)   Akkol' (Aqmola)   Akkol' (Atyrau)   Aksu (Aqmola)   Aksu (Pavlodar)   Aksuat (East Kazakhstan)   Aktau (Mangghystau)   Aktau (Qaraghandy)   Aktogay (Qaraghandy)   Akzhal (Qaraghandy)   Almaty (Almaty)   Altay (East Kazakhstan)   Aqadyr (Qaraghandy)   Aqbaqay (Zhambyl)   Aqkoel (Aqmola)   Aqsay (West Kazakhstan)   Aqshatau (Qaraghandy)   Aqsu Ayuly (Qaraghandy)   Aqtas (Qaraghandy)   Aqtau (Qaraghandy)   Aqtobe (Aqtobe)   Aqtoghay (East Kazakhstan)   Aral (Qyzylorda)   Arkalyk (Qostanay)   Arys (South Kazakhstan)   Ashchysay (South Kazakhstan)   Astana (Aqmola)   Astrakhan (Aqmola)   Asubulaq (East Kazakhstan)   Atasu (Qaraghandy)   Atbasar (Aqmola)   Atyrau (Atyrau)   Ayagoz (East Kazakhstan)   Ayteke Bi (Qyzylorda)  

BBakanas (Almaty)   Bakyrshik (East Kazakhstan)   Balkashino (Aqmola)   Balpyk Bi (Almaty)   Balqash (Qaraghandy)   Balyqshy (Atyrau)   Batamshinskiy (Aqtobe)   Bayanauyl (Pavlodar)   Bayganin (Aqtobe)   Baykonyr (Qyzylorda)   Bayshonas (Atyrau)   Bayzhansay (South Kazakhstan)   Belkol (Qyzylorda)   Belogorskiy (East Kazakhstan)   Belusovka (East Kazakhstan)   Belyye Vody (South Kazakhstan)   Bestobe (Aqmola)   Beyneu (Mangghystau)   Birlestik (North Kazakhstan)   Bishkul (North Kazakhstan)   Borodulikha (East Kazakhstan)   Borovskoy (Qostanay)   Bulayevo (North Kazakhstan)   Burabay (Aqmola)   Burlin (West Kazakhstan)   Burunday (Almaty)  

CChapaev (West Kazakhstan)   Chardara (South Kazakhstan)   Chayan (South Kazakhstan)   Chingirlau (West Kazakhstan)   Chu (Zhambyl)   Chulakkurgan (South Kazakhstan)  

DDerzhavinsk (Aqmola)   Dolinka (Qaraghandy)   Dossor (Atyrau)   Dostyq (Almaty)   Dzhalagash (Qyzylorda)   Dzhambeyty (West Kazakhstan)   Dzhangala (West Kazakhstan)   Dzhetygara (Qostanay)  

EEgindikol (Aqmola)   Ekibastuz (Pavlodar)   Embi (Aqtobe)   Esik (Almaty)   Esil (Aqmola)  

FFedorovka (Qostanay)   Fedorovka (West Kazakhstan)   Fort Shevchenko (Mangghystau)  

GGeorgievka (East Kazakhstan)   Georgiyevka (Zhambyl)   Glubokoye (East Kazakhstan)   Granitogorsk (Zhambyl)  

IInderbor (Atyrau)   Irtyshsk (Pavlodar)  

KKachar (Qostanay)   Kamenka (West Kazakhstan)   Kandyagash (Aqtobe)   Kantagi (South Kazakhstan)   Kapshagay (Almaty)   Karabas (Almaty)   Karagandy (Qaraghandy)   Karasu (Qostanay)   Karatau (Zhambyl)   Kaztalovka (West Kazakhstan)   Kegen (Almaty)   Kentau (South Kazakhstan)   Khantau (Zhambyl)   Khromtau (Aqtobe)   Kievka (Qaraghandy)   Kokpekty (East Kazakhstan)   Kokshetau (Aqmola)   Koktal (Qaraghandy)   Kokterek (South Kazakhstan)   Koktobe (Pavlodar)   Komsomolets (Qostanay)   Kostanay (Qostanay)   Krasnogorskiy (Aqmola)   Krugloozernoe (West Kazakhstan)   Kurchatov (Pavlodar)   Kurchum (East Kazakhstan)   Kyzylorda (Qyzylorda)   Kyzyl Orda (Qyzylorda)   Kyzylzhar (Qaraghandy)   Kzyltu (North Kazakhstan)  

LLenger (South Kazakhstan)   Leninskiy (Pavlodar)   Leninskoye (South Kazakhstan)   Lepsy (Almaty)   Lisakovsk (Qostanay)   Lugovoy (Zhambyl)   Lugovoye (Zhambyl)  

MMakhambet (Atyrau)   Makinsk (Aqmola)   Maleevsk (East Kazakhstan)   Maloye Ganyushkino (Atyrau)   Maqat (Atyrau)   Martuk (Aqtobe)   Matay (Almaty)   Mayqayyng (Pavlodar)   Merke (Zhambyl)   Mikhaylovka (Zhambyl)   Miyaly (Atyrau)   Moyynkum (Zhambyl)   Moyynty (Qaraghandy)   Munayshy (Mangghystau)   Mynaral (Zhambyl)  

NNovodolinskiy (Qaraghandy)   Novoishimskiy (North Kazakhstan)  

OOgnevka (East Kazakhstan)   Omirzaq (Mangghystau)   Oral (West Kazakhstan)   Ordzhonikidze (Qostanay)   Osakarovka (Qaraghandy)   Otegen Batyra (Almaty)   Oytal (Zhambyl)  

P Pavlodar (Pavlodar)   Peremetnoe (West Kazakhstan)   Pervomayskiy (Almaty)   Pervorosiyskiy (East Kazakhstan)   Petropavl (North Kazakhstan)   Priisk Boko (East Kazakhstan)   Priozersk (Qaraghandy)  

QQalqaman (Pavlodar)   Qaraton (Atyrau)   Qarauyl (East Kazakhstan)   Qarazhal (Qaraghandy)   Qarqaraly (Qaraghandy)   Qashyr (Pavlodar)   Qazaly (Qyzylorda)   Qogham (South Kazakhstan)   Qulsary (Atyrau)   Qushoqy (Qaraghandy)   Qusmuryn (Qostanay)  

RRidder (East Kazakhstan)   Rudnyy (Qostanay)  

SSaken Seyfullin (Qaraghandy)   Sarkand (Almaty)   Saryaghash (South Kazakhstan)   Sarykamys (East Kazakhstan)   Saryozek (Almaty)   Saryshaghan (Qaraghandy)   Sastobe (South Kazakhstan)   Sayaq (Qaraghandy)   Saykhin (West Kazakhstan)   Sayotesh (Mangghystau)   Sekseuil (Qyzylorda)   Semey (East Kazakhstan)   Sergeyevka (North Kazakhstan)   Shakhan (Qaraghandy)   Shalkar (Atyrau)   Shalqar (Aqtobe)   Shalqiya (Qyzylorda)   Shantobe (Aqmola)   Shar (East Kazakhstan)   Shashubay (Qaraghandy)   Shchuchinsk (Aqmola)   Shemonaikha (East Kazakhstan)   Shetpe (Mangghystau)   Shieli (Qyzylorda)   Shortandy (Aqmola)   Shubarkol (Qaraghandy)   Shubarkuduk (Aqtobe)   Shubarshi (Aqtobe)   Shyghanaq (Zhambyl)   Shymkent (South Kazakhstan)   Smirnovo (North Kazakhstan)   Sorang (Qaraghandy)   Stepnogorsk (Aqmola)   Stepnyak (Aqmola)   Suykbulak (East Kazakhstan)  

TTaiynsha (North Kazakhstan)   Taldykorgan (Almaty)   Taldyqorghan (Almaty)   Talghar (Almaty)   Talshik (North Kazakhstan)   Taranovskoye (Qostanay)   Taraz (Zhambyl)   Tasboget (Qyzylorda)   Taushyq (Mangghystau)   Tekeli (Almaty)   Temir (Aqtobe)   Temirlanovka (South Kazakhstan)   Temirtau (Qaraghandy)   Terenozek (Qyzylorda)   Timiryazevo (North Kazakhstan)   Tobol (Qostanay)   Tokarevka (Qaraghandy)   Toretam (Qyzylorda)   Torghay (Qostanay)   Troyebratskiy (Qostanay)   Tughyl (East Kazakhstan)   Turgen (Almaty)   Turkestan (South Kazakhstan)  

UUlken (Almaty)   Urzhar (East Kazakhstan)   Ush Tyube (Almaty)   Ust Kamenogorsk (East Kazakhstan)   Ust' Talovka (East Kazakhstan)  

VVannovka (South Kazakhstan)   Verkhniye Kayrakty (Qaraghandy)   Volodarskoye (North Kazakhstan)  

YYanykurgan (Qyzylorda)   Yavlenka (North Kazakhstan)   Yeraliyev (Mangghystau)   Yereymentau (Aqmola)   Yrghyz (Aqtobe)  

ZZavodskoy (Aqmola)   Zaysan (East Kazakhstan)   Zhabagly (South Kazakhstan)   Zhalghyztobe (East Kazakhstan)   Zhambyl (Qaraghandy)   Zhanaozen (Mangghystau)   Zhanga Buqtyrma (East Kazakhstan)   Zhangatas (Zhambyl)   Zhanibek (West Kazakhstan)   Zhaqsy (Aqmola)   Zharkent (Almaty)   Zhelezinka (Pavlodar)   Zhetibay (Mangghystau)   Zhezkent (East Kazakhstan)   Zhezqazghan (Qaraghandy)   Zholymbet (Aqmola)   Zhosaly (Qyzylorda)   Zhumysker (West Kazakhstan)   Zyryanovsk (East Kazakhstan)  
Filter search by regions (Provinces) of Kazakhstan
Almaty Aqmola Aqtobe Atyrau East Kazakhstan Mangghystau North Kazakhstan Pavlodar Qaraghandy Qostanay Qyzylorda South Kazakhstan West Kazakhstan Zhambyl


While every effort has been made to ensure the validity of the information provided in this website, any use of this information IS YOUR RESPONSIBILITY and activities you undertake based on this information IS AT YOUR OWN RISK.

It is your responsibility to seek, source and procure any required permits for access or in order to undertake any activities at locations.

The authors and publisher accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by any persons using information from this website.

Using this website you abide by our Terms and Conditions.

©2017 TripUgo - where's the next trip U go?